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An improved method to predict the position of maximum power point during partial shading for PV arrays

Ahmed, Jubaer; Salam, Zainal


Zainal Salam


For a photovoltaic (PV) system, it is widely assumed that the peaks of a partially shaded P-V curve are located at the multiples of 0.8V oc , where V oc is the open-circuit voltage of the PV module. However, this assumption - known as the of 0.8V oc model for partial shading - is not necessarily true. If the same model is used to design the maximum power point tracker (MPPT), it is very likely that the algorithm will scan the wrong region of the P-V curve and, hence, an incorrect global peak detection. This paper attempts to prove the inadequacy of the 0.8V oc model when the number of modules in the string increases. Further, the work suggests a simple relationship to predict the correct position of the peaks. It is found that for a string of 20 modules (V oc of 400 V), the maximum deviation between the actual and computed peak is less than 3 V, while for the 0.8V oc model, the deviation reaches up to 50 V. In addition, using the proposed method, the MPPT efficiency can be improved by approximately 2%.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 28, 2015
Publication Date 2015-12
Deposit Date Dec 28, 2021
Journal IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Print ISSN 1551-3203
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 11
Issue 6
Pages 1378-1387
Keywords Maximum power point (MPP), MPP tracker (MPPT), partial shading, peak prediction model, PV, solar, tracking
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