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Microstructure and electrical properties of Nb‐doped SrTiO3‐BiFeO3 based lead‐free ceramics

Wang, Yuanyuan; Liu, Hongbo; Yan, Tingnan; Zhao, Jianwei; Guo, Shifeng; Sun, Rong; Lu, Zhilun; Wang, Dawei


Yuanyuan Wang

Hongbo Liu

Tingnan Yan

Jianwei Zhao

Shifeng Guo

Rong Sun

Zhilun Lu

Dawei Wang


In this work, Nb-doped 0.75SrTiO3-0.25BiFeO3 (ST-BF) lead-free ceramics are designed and synthesized using a conventional solid-state reaction method. The influence of Nb doping on the microstructure, dielectric, and electrical properties are systematically investigated. With the increase of Nb concentration, the crystal structure of ST-BF remains pseudo-cubic as exhibited in the X-ray diffraction patterns. The grain size is found to increase from 0.33 to 6.23 μm, and then decrease to 1.88 μm by Nb doping, along with a clear heterogeneous core–shell microstructure. A relatively low dielectric loss (∼0.1, at 1 kHz) and a stable dielectric constant (∼700, at 1 kHz) are obtained for the 0.03 Nb-doped ST-BF composition at room temperature. Impedance spectroscopy analysis shows that Nb doping in ST-BF increases the total resistivity, forming an electrically conductive core and a nonconductive shell, with enhanced activation energy. The results may provide a feasible approach to develop novel ST-based lead-free dielectric ceramics for capacitor applications

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 20, 2021
Online Publication Date Nov 3, 2021
Publication Date 2022-03
Deposit Date Nov 18, 2021
Publicly Available Date Nov 4, 2022
Journal Journal of the American Ceramic Society
Print ISSN 0002-7820
Electronic ISSN 1551-2916
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 105
Issue 3
Pages 2020-2028
Keywords BiFeO3, core–shell microstructure, dielectric properties, impedance, SrTiO3
Public URL


Microstructure And Electrical Properties Of Nb‐doped SrTiO3‐BiFeO3 Based Lead‐free Ceramics (accepted version) (1.3 Mb)

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