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Fiber Optic Sensors Embedded in Textile-Reinforced Concrete for Smart Structural Health Monitoring: A Review

Alwis, Lourdes S. M.; Bremer, Kort; Roth, Bernhard

Authors

Lourdes S. M. Alwis

Kort Bremer

Bernhard Roth



Abstract

The last decade has seen rapid developments in the areas of carbon fiber technology, additive manufacturing technology, sensor engineering, i.e., wearables, and new structural reinforcement techniques. These developments, although from different areas, have collectively paved way for concrete structures with non-corrosive reinforcement and in-built sensors. Therefore, the purpose of this effort is to bridge the gap between civil engineering and sensor engineering communities through an overview on the up-to-date technological advances in both sectors, with a special focus on textile reinforced concrete embedded with fiber optic sensors. The introduction section highlights the importance of reducing the carbon footprint resulting from the building industry and how this could be effectively achieved by the use of state-of-the-art reinforcement techniques. Added to these benefits would be the implementations on infrastructure monitoring for the safe operation of structures through their entire lifespan by utilizing sensors, specifically, fiber optic sensors. The paper presents an extensive description on fiber optic sensor engineering that enables the incorporation of sensors into the reinforcement mechanism of a structure at its manufacturing stage, enabling effective monitoring and a wider range of capabilities when compared to conventional means of structural health monitoring. In future, these developments, when combined with artificial intelligence concepts, will lead to distributed sensor networks for smart monitoring applications, particularly enabling such distributed networks to be implemented/embedded at their manufacturing stage.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 15, 2021
Online Publication Date Jul 21, 2021
Publication Date 2021-07
Deposit Date Aug 9, 2021
Publicly Available Date Aug 9, 2021
Journal Sensors
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 21
Issue 15
Article Number 4948
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/s21154948
Keywords textile reinforcement; structural health monitoring; fiber optic sensors; smart sensing; sensors in civil engineering; reinforcement of structures
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/Output/2792143

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Publisher Licence URL
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Copyright Statement
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.




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