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Souvenir authenticity in the additive manufacturing age

Anastasiadou, Constantia; Vettese, Samantha



The expansion of additive manufacturing or 3D printing as a novel (re)production method disrupts social consumption patterns and challenges existing conceptualisations of tourist souvenirs as material, metonymic and symbolic objects that often lack authenticity. The paper evidences how using additive manufacturing to involve visitors in souvenir design decisions in a heritage site may influence their perceptions of souvenir authenticity and value. The transience between physical states (physical object to scanned digital file to physical object again), and the opportunity for visitors to self-craft or contribute to the (re)production process adds a performative element to souvenir consumption that imbues the 3D printed souvenir with its own authenticity and aura. As 3D printers become more ubiquitous, they will redefine further souvenir materiality.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 14, 2021
Online Publication Date Apr 8, 2021
Publication Date 2021-07
Deposit Date Mar 25, 2021
Publicly Available Date Apr 9, 2023
Print ISSN 0160-7383
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 89
Article Number 103188
Keywords Authenticity; Souvenir; Materiality; Aura; 3D printing; Authentication; Digital fabrication
Public URL


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