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Fuzzy-Based Distributed Protocol for Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication

Hawbani, Ammar; Torbosh, Esa; Wang, Xingfu; Sincak, Peter; Zhao, Liang; Al-Dubai, Ahmed


Ammar Hawbani

Esa Torbosh

Xingfu Wang

Peter Sincak

Liang Zhao


This paper modeled the multihop data-routing in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks(VANET) as Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) in four steps. First, the criteria which have an impact on the performance of the network layer are captured and transformed into fuzzy sets. Second, the fuzzy sets are characterized by Fuzzy Membership Functions(FMF) which are interpolated based on the data collected from massive experimental simulations. Third, the Analytical Hierarchy Process(AHP) is exploited to identify the relationships among the criteria. Fourth, multiple fuzzy rules are determined and, the TSK inference system is employed to infer and aggregate the final forwarding decision. Through integrating techniques of MCDM, FMF, AHP, and TSK, we designed a distributed and opportunistic data routing protocol, namely, VEFR (Vehicular Environment Fuzzy Router) which targets V2V (vehicle-to-vehicle) communication and runs in two main processes, Road Segment Selection(RSS) and Relay Vehicle Selection(RVS). RSS is intended to select multiple successive junctions through which the packets should travel from the source to the destination, while RVS process is intended to select relay vehicles within the selected road segment. The experimental results showed that our protocol performs and scales well with both network size and density, considering the combined problem of end-to-end packet delivery ratio and end-to-end latency.


Hawbani, A., Torbosh, E., Wang, X., Sincak, P., Zhao, L., & Al-Dubai, A. (2021). Fuzzy-Based Distributed Protocol for Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication. IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems, 29(3), 612-626.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 28, 2019
Online Publication Date Dec 3, 2019
Publication Date 2021-03
Deposit Date Dec 2, 2019
Publicly Available Date Dec 2, 2019
Journal IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems
Print ISSN 1063-6706
Electronic ISSN 1941-0034
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 29
Issue 3
Pages 612-626
Keywords vehicular network, analytical hierarchy process, TSK fuzzy inference system, fuzzy routing
Public URL


Fuzzy Based Distributed Protocol For Vehicle To Vehicle Communication (3.4 Mb)

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