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Novel Fuzzy and Game Theory Based Clustering and Decision Making for VANETs

Alsarhan, Ayoub; Kilani, Yousef; Al-Dubai, Ahmed; Zomaya, Albert Y.; Hussain, Amir


Ayoub Alsarhan

Yousef Kilani

Albert Y. Zomaya


Different studies have recently emphasized the importance of deploying clustering schemes in Vehicular ad hoc Network (VANET) to overcome challenging problems related to scalability, frequent topology changes, scarcity of spectrum resources, maintaining clusters stability, and rational spectrum management. However, most of these studies addressed the clustering problem using conventional performance metrics while spectrum shortage, and the combination of spectrum trading and VANET architecture have not been tackled so far. Thus, this paper presents a new fuzzy logic based clustering control scheme to support scalability, enhance the stability of the network topology, motivate spectrum owners to share spectrum and provide efficient and cost-effective use of spectrum. Unlike existing studies, our context-aware scheme is based on multi-criteria decision making where fuzzy logic is adopted to rank the multi-attribute candidate nodes for optimizing the selection of cluster heads (CH)s. Criteria related to each candidate node include: received signal strength, speed of vehicle, vehicle location, spectrum price, reachability, and stability of node. Our model performs efficiently, exhibits faster recovery in response to topology changes and enhances the network efficiency life time.


Alsarhan, A., Kilani, Y., Al-Dubai, A., Zomaya, A. Y., & Hussain, A. (2020). Novel Fuzzy and Game Theory Based Clustering and Decision Making for VANETs. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 69(2), 1568-1581.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 18, 2019
Online Publication Date Nov 28, 2019
Publication Date 2020-02
Deposit Date Nov 18, 2019
Publicly Available Date Nov 18, 2019
Journal IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Print ISSN 0018-9545
Electronic ISSN 1939-9359
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 69
Issue 2
Pages 1568-1581
Keywords Clustering architecture, Cognitive network, Fuzzy logic, Multi-criteria decision making, Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks
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Novel Fuzzy and Game Theory based Clustering and Decision Making for VANETs (1.6 Mb)

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