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Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw in cancer patients: Implications for nurses

Morris, Monica; Cruickshank, Susanne

Authors

Monica Morris

Susanne Cruickshank



Abstract

Purpose

This paper reports a review of the literature with a specific focus on osteonecrosis of the jaw. Bisphosphonate drugs are commonly used in the treatment of bone disease secondary to myeloma and solid tumours, such as breast and prostate cancer. In the past few years, an uncommon but distressing condition known as osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) has been detected in patients who are having bisphosphonate treatment, particularly the intravenous (IV) preparations. Osteonecrosis of the jaw results from bone exposure in the oral cavity with subsequent death of bone tissue (necrosis).

Method

The review searched key databases including Medline, British Nursing Index, Cochrane, and meeting abstracts to ascertain the extent of literature in this field.

Results

Fourty-two articles were reviewed which described the clinical manifestations of ONJ, the reported incidence and clinical cases.

Conclusion

The results indicate there is an emerging body of evidence in this field and nurses delivering bisphosphonates need to familiarise themselves with the current guidance to ensure risks are minimised for patients.

Citation

Morris, M., & Cruickshank, S. (2010). Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw in cancer patients: Implications for nurses. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 14, 205-210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejon.2009.12.003

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2010
Deposit Date Dec 19, 2012
Print ISSN 1462-3889
Electronic ISSN 1532-2122
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 14
Pages 205-210
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejon.2009.12.003
Keywords Bisphosphonates; Osteonecrosis of jaw; Secondary cancer; Bone metastasis; Breast cancer; Prostate cancer;
Myeloma; Advanced practice; Nursing
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/id/eprint/5769
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejon.2009.12.003



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