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A Controlled Comparison of the Effectiveness and Efficiency of Two Psychological Therapies for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing vs. Emotional Freedom Techniques

Karatzias, Thanos; Power, Kevin; Brown, Keith; McGoldrick, Theresa; Begum, Millia; Young, Jenny; Loughran, Paul; Chouliara, Zo�; Adams, Sally


Kevin Power

Keith Brown

Theresa McGoldrick

Millia Begum

Jenny Young

Paul Loughran

Zo� Chouliara

Sally Adams


The present study reports on the first ever controlled comparison between eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) and emotional freedom techniques (EFT) for posttraumatic stress disorder. A total of 46 participants were randomized to either EMDR (n = 23) or EFT (n = 23). The participants were assessed at baseline and then reassessed after an 8-week waiting period. Two further blind assessments were conducted at posttreatment and 3-months follow-up. Overall, the results indicated that both interventions produced significant therapeutic gains at posttreatment and follow-up in an equal number of sessions. Similar treatment effect sizes were observed in both treatment groups. Regarding clinical significant changes, a slightly higher proportion of patients in the EMDR group produced substantial clinical changes compared with the EFT group. Given the speculative nature of the theoretical basis of EFT, a dismantling study on the active ingredients of EFT should be subject to future research.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jun 1, 2011
Deposit Date Mar 27, 2014
Journal Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Print ISSN 0022-3018
Electronic ISSN 1539-736X
Publisher Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 199
Issue 6
Pages 372-378
Keywords Psychiatry and Mental health
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