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Nanotoxicity.

Hutchison, Gary R; Malone, Eva M

Authors



Contributors

Bernhelm Boo�-Bavnbek
Editor

Beate Kl�sgen
Editor

Jesper Larsen
Editor

Flemming Pociot
Editor

Erik Renstr�m
Editor

Abstract

Nanotechnology, including the field of nanomedicine, promises to revolutionise/improve the way in which we live our lives. This atomic, molecular and macromolecular technology will introduce nanoparticles into our environment and our daily routine. In response to this exciting technology, toxicologists have responded with the development of a specialised subcategory of toxicology, nanotoxicology. This chapter will introduce nanotechnology and nanoparticles and examine the origins of nanotoxicology, drawing on epidemiology and respirable particle toxicology studies. These studies provide the foundation of what we today use to understand the toxicology of engineered nanoparticles. The focus of the chapter will be on human and mammalian nanotoxicology and will summarise the current understanding of the mechanisms of nanoparticle toxicity while describing the methodologies utilised to further knowledge in the area. In the context of the book, this chapter will briefly examine the impact of nanotechnology and the development of nanomedicines in relation to the pancreas. Nanomedicine relies heavily on nano-specific toxicological concepts and findings to provide safe medical applications. Success in this area requires a collaborative approach involving physicians, material scientists and toxicologists.

Publication Date 2011
Deposit Date Jun 27, 2012
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2
Pages 419-434
Book Title Systems Biology of Regulated Exocytosis in Pancreatic β-Cells
ISBN 978-1-4419-6955-2
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6956-9_18
Keywords Nanotoxicity; Exposure routes; Hazard assessment; Mechanistic nanotoxicology; Inflammation; Experimental models;
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/id/eprint/5532
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6956-9_18