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Smoking cessation programmes for women living in disadvantaged communities, “We Can Quit 2”: A systematic review protocol [version 3]

Burke, Emma; Dobbie, Fiona; Dougall, Nadine; Adebolu Oluwaseun, Mary; Mockler, David; Vance, Joanne; O'Connell, Nicola; Darker, Catherine; Bauld, Linda; Hayes, Catherine


Emma Burke

Fiona Dobbie

Mary Adebolu Oluwaseun

David Mockler

Joanne Vance

Nicola O'Connell

Catherine Darker

Linda Bauld

Catherine Hayes


Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in Ireland with almost 6,000 smokers dying each year from smoking-related diseases. Amongst younger Irish women, smoking rates are considerably higher in those from socially disadvantaged areas compared to women from affluent areas. Women from poorer areas also experience higher rates of lung cancer. To our knowledge, there are no peer reviewed published systematic reviews on the effectiveness of interventions tailored to reduce smoking rates in women from disadvantaged areas. This systematic review protocol will aim to examine the effectiveness of such interventions and to describe trial processes such as recruitment, follow-up and dropout prevention strategies, as well as barriers and enablers of successful implementation.
A systematic review will be conducted of peer-reviewed randomised controlled trials and associated process evaluations of smoking cessation interventions designed for women living in socially disadvantaged areas. If the search returns, less than five studies are review criteria will expand to include quasi-experimental studies. A number of databases of scholarly literature will be searched from inception using a detailed search strategy. Two independent reviewers will screen titles, abstracts and full-text articles to identify relevant studies using a pre-defined checklist based on PICOS. In the case of disagreement, a third reviewer will be consulted. The quality of included studies will be assessed using the ‘Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation’ (GRADE) criteria. Quantitative data will be extracted and, if comparable, will be assessed using meta-analysis. A narrative meta-synthesis of qualitative data will be conducted.
This review aims to synthesise information from relevant studies on smoking cessation interventions tailored for women from socially disadvantaged areas. The evidence obtained from studies and presented in this review will help guide future research in this area.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 12, 2019
Online Publication Date Jun 12, 2019
Publication Date Dec 2, 2019
Deposit Date Jun 19, 2019
Publicly Available Date Jun 19, 2019
Journal HRB Open Research
Print ISSN 2515-4826
Publisher F1000Research
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2
Article Number 10
Keywords Smoking Cessation, Women and Smoking, Community-based Intervention, Social and Health Inequalities, Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial, Feasibility study, Pilot trial, Systematic Review,
Public URL
Contract Date Jun 19, 2019


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