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Relationships between talent development environments and mental toughness: The role of basic psychological need satisfaction

Li, Chunxiao; Martindale, Russell; Sun, Yanlin


Chunxiao Li

Yanlin Sun


Although the talent development environment and mental toughness are critical for athletes to realise their athletic potential, there is a dearth of literature on whether the talent development environment can enhance mental toughness among those athletes who are identified with athletic potential (i.e., talented athletes). Drawing on self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000), this research examined the relationships between the talent development environment, basic psychological needs satisfaction, and mental toughness. Talented athletes (n = 261) completed a survey measuring key features of the talent development environment, needs satisfaction, and mental toughness. The results of structural equation modeling indicated that three environmental factors (i.e., long-term development focus, holistic quality preparation, and communication) were positive predictors of needs satisfaction, which then positively predicted mental toughness. The talent development environment may be considered for promoting talented athletes’ mental toughness.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 10, 2019
Online Publication Date May 24, 2019
Publication Date May 24, 2019
Deposit Date May 21, 2019
Publicly Available Date May 25, 2020
Journal Journal of Sports Sciences
Print ISSN 0264-0414
Electronic ISSN 1466-447X
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 37
Issue 18
Pages 2057-2065
Keywords Athletic development, environment, confidence, needs satisfaction, Chinese, youth
Public URL
Contract Date May 21, 2019


Relationships between Talent Development Environments and Mental Toughness (219 Kb)

Relationships between Talent Development Environments and Mental Toughness: The Role of Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction (104 Kb)

Copyright Statement
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Sports Sciences on 24 May 2019, available online:

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