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In-situ monitoring of thermal refurbishment on pre-1919 properties in Scotland

Bros Williamson, Julio; Stinson, Jon; Garnier, Celine; Currie, John


Julio Bros Williamson

Celine Garnier


This work analyses the use of in-situ monitoring techniques to establish the building performance of pre-1919
traditionally constructed buildings and evaluate different thermal refurbishment strategies using component U-values as
a recognised indicator of building envelope performance. The buildings monitored were of traditional construction (solid
wall), some of which were listed or in a conservation area, constructed from lime‐bonded rubble or ashlar, typically
circa 500 mm thick, with natural slate or tile roofs, timber doors and single glazed windows. In-situ pre-intervention Uvalues
were obtained after monitoring each building component constituting the existing building envelope and again at
post-intervention; where insulation materials were added at varying interfaces. Using the improvement data two case
studies were modelled using the UK Standard Assessment Procedure (SAP) software; showing that significantly reduced
levels of building heat loss and carbon dioxide emission were achieved after thermal rehabilitation..

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2014-12
Deposit Date Sep 15, 2015
Journal International Journal of Sustainable Construction
Print ISSN 1647-0621
Electronic ISSN 2182-2743
Publisher Green Lines Institute for Sustainable Development
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2
Issue 1
Pages 77-84
Keywords Thermal insulation; refurbishment; Scotland; pre-1919 properties;
Public URL
Additional Information Paper presented to REHAB 2014: international conference on Preservation, Maintenance and Rehabilitation of Historical Buildings and Structures held on 19-21 March 2015 in Tomar, Portugal.