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Are risk factors for drug use and offending similar during the teenage years?

Aston, Elizabeth V.

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Abstract

Background
This paper explores whether at different stages of the developmental cycle of adolescence, drug use and offending are associated with a similar set of risk factors relating to: socio-structural position, informal social control, deviant peer group contexts, and deviant lifestyle behaviours.
Methods
Multivariate regression was used to analyse data from the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime (ESYTC) self-report questionnaire.
Results
Early in the teenage years drug use was associated with a similar set of factors to offending. These include weak bonds to parents and teachers, and deviant lifestyle behaviours. However, later in the teenage years there were differences, e.g. drug use was associated with higher socio-economic status and importance of school, and a number of factors which were associated with offending were not associated with drug use, e.g. parent-child conflict, gang membership and hanging around.
Conclusion
Results show that the factors included here are more appropriate to understanding offending than drug use. Different risk factors are associated with drug use and offending in the older, but not younger teens. It is argued that later in the teenage years drug use should be understood and addressed differently to offending. This is particularly important given the tendency for the ‘drugs problem’ to increasingly be dealt with as a ‘crime problem’ (Duke, 2006).

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 5, 2014
Online Publication Date Nov 13, 2014
Publication Date 2015-04
Deposit Date Nov 19, 2014
Publicly Available Date Apr 20, 2018
Journal International Journal of Drug Policy
Print ISSN 0955-3959
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 26
Issue 4
Pages 396-403
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.11.002
Keywords Drug use; Offending; Teenage; Adolescence; Risk factors;
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/id/eprint/7304
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.11.002
Contract Date Apr 20, 2018

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