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Health-related behaviors of nurses and other healthcare professionals: a cross-sectional study using the Scottish Health Survey

Schneider, Anna; Bak, Marieke; Mahoney, Catherine; Hoyle, Louise; Ba, Kelly; Atherton, Iain M; Kyle, Richard G


Anna Schneider

Marieke Bak

Louise Hoyle

Kelly Ba

Richard G Kyle


Aims: To estimate the prevalence and co-occurrence of health-related behaviours among nurses in Scotland relative to other healthcare workers and those in non-healthcare occupations.
Design: Secondary analysis of nationally representative cross-sectional data, reported following STROBE guidelines.
Methods: Five rounds (2008-2012) of the Scottish Health Survey were aggregated to estimate the prevalence and co-occurrence of health-related behaviours (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, fruit/vegetable intake). The weighted sample (n=18,820) included 471 nurses (3%), 433 other healthcare professionals (2%), 813 unregistered care workers (4%), and 17,103 in non-healthcare occupations (91%). Logistic regression models compared prevalence of specific health-related behaviours and principal component analysis assessed co-occurrence of health-related behaviours between occupational groups.
Results: Nurses reported significantly better health-related behaviours relative to the general working population for smoking, fruit/vegetable intake, and physical activity. No significant difference was found for alcohol consumption between occupational groups. Nurses reported lower levels of harmful co-occurring behaviours (tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption) and higher levels of preventative behaviours (physical activity and fruit/vegetable intake) compared to the general working population. Other healthcare professionals had the lowest level of harmful health behaviours and highest level of preventative health behaviours. Health-related behaviours were poorest among unregistered care workers

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 13, 2018
Online Publication Date Dec 10, 2018
Publication Date 2019-06
Deposit Date Nov 19, 2018
Publicly Available Date Dec 10, 2018
Journal Journal of Advanced Nursing
Print ISSN 0309-2402
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 75
Issue 6
Pages 1239-1251
Keywords Health Behaviours; Health promotion; Epidemiology; Lifestyle; Nutrition; Smoking; Physical Activity; Workforce Issues; Nurses; Care Workers
Public URL
Contract Date Nov 19, 2018


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Copyright Statement
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article:Schneider, A., Bak, M., Mahoney, C., Hoyle, L., Ba, K., Atherton, I. M., & Kyle, R. G. (in press). Health -related behaviors of nurses and other healthcare professionals: a cross-sectional study using the Scottish Health Survey. Journal of Advanced Nursing, , which will be published in final form at [Link to final article using the DOI-tbc]. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions

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