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Workloads of Competitive Surfing: Work-to-Relief Ratios, Surf-Break Demands, and Updated Analysis

Farley, Oliver R.L.; Secomb, Josh L.; Raymond, Ellen R.; Lundgren, Lina E.; Ferrier, Brendon K.; Abbiss, Chris R.; Sheppard, Jeremy M.


Oliver R.L. Farley

Josh L. Secomb

Ellen R. Raymond

Lina E. Lundgren

Chris R. Abbiss

Jeremy M. Sheppard


The study provides an in-depth descriptive and quantitative time-motion analysis of competitive surfing, using Global PositioningSystem (GPS) units and video synchronization, which serves toextend upon the results of Farley, Harris, and Kilding (Journal ofStrength and Conditioning Research, 26, 7 [2012]). In addition,comparisons between locations and surfers competing in thesame heats were performed. Global Positioning System andvideo data were collected from 41 male competitive surfers(23.266.1 years, 71610.3 kg, 177.266.4 cm) participatingin 3 professional domestic surfing events, with competitive heatsof 20-minute duration. Fifty data sets were analyzed across the 3competitions, with velocities and distances covered, proportionof time spent performing various surfing activities, and totalwork-to-relief ratio determined. Results revealed surfers paddled44% of the total time, followed by stationary periods (42%).Surfers performed at a significantly (p#0.05) higher work-to-relief ratio (1.7:1) at the Beach-break (an exposed beach) com-pared with point-break 1 and 2 (waves breaking around a rockypoint). Point-breaks 1 and 2 had longer continuous durations ofpaddling, with significantly longer rides at point-break 1 over theBeach-break (p#0.01) and point-break 2 (p#0.01). Theaverage maximal speed (24.8 km$h21) from point-break 2 wassignificantly faster than point-break 1 (p#0.01) and Beach-break (p#0.05). This information should influence surfing drills and conditioning methods to prepare these athletes for the disparate demands, such as training for a point-break competition involving longer durations of continuous paddling and short, high-intensity workloads for a Beach-break.


Farley, O. R., Secomb, J. L., Raymond, E. R., Lundgren, L. E., Ferrier, B. K., Abbiss, C. R., & Sheppard, J. M. (2018). Workloads of Competitive Surfing: Work-to-Relief Ratios, Surf-Break Demands, and Updated Analysis. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 32(10), 2939-2948.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 24, 2018
Online Publication Date Oct 1, 2018
Publication Date Oct 1, 2018
Deposit Date Aug 15, 2018
Publicly Available Date May 14, 2019
Journal Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Print ISSN 1064-8011
Publisher Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 32
Issue 10
Pages 2939-2948
Keywords Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation; Orthopedics and Sports Medicine; General Medicine
Public URL


Workloads Of Competitive Surfing: Work-to-Relief Ratios, Surf-Break Demands, And Updated Analysis (276 Kb)

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