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Perceived barriers to implementing building information modeling in Iranian Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs): a Delphi survey of construction experts

Sarvari, Hadi; Asaadsamani, Parsa; Olawumi, Timothy O.; Chan, Daniel W.M.; Rashidi, Amirreza; Beer, Michael


Hadi Sarvari

Parsa Asaadsamani

Daniel W.M. Chan

Amirreza Rashidi

Michael Beer


Building information modeling (BIM) is a disruptive information technology tool in the construction sector. Although this technology had a significant impact on the manufacturing industries, it, like any other technology, encountered several challenges when applied to the construction sector. Conversely, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in developing economies often face significant impediments when using innovative technologies. Thus, this paper seeks to determine and investigate the perceived barriers to applying BIM in construction SMEs based in Iran. Three rounds of Delphi surveys were carried out with 15 BIM experts engaged in construction SMEs to identify the key barriers to BIM implementation in SMEs. An empirical survey questionnaire comprising these identified barriers was subsequently designed and disseminated to the invited experts. Altogether, 56 valid survey responses were received and analyzed. The study’s findings revealed SMEs management’s hesitancy to adopt BIM, stakeholders’ reluctance to change their established methods, and a lack of technical understanding as the critical impediments to BIM adoption in construction SMEs. Also, the study identified four barrier dimensions – technology, legal, management, and financial. These BIM implementation barrier dimensions can be employed to better allocate resources and financing for BIM deployment and construction innovation in SMEs. The study will assist major project stakeholders and SMEs make better-informed BIM adoption decisions, particularly in developing nations like Iran.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 29, 2024
Online Publication Date Mar 24, 2024
Deposit Date Mar 18, 2024
Publicly Available Date Mar 25, 2025
Print ISSN 1745-2007
Electronic ISSN 1752-7589
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords Barriers, Building Information Modeling (BIM), Construction Industry, Delphi Survey, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs)
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