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The Impact of Formal and Informal Distance on Gender Equality Approaches: The Case of a British MNC in Saudi Arabia: MNC Gender Equality in Saudi Arabia

Alhejji, Hussain; Ng, Eddy S.; Garavan, Thomas; Carbery, Ronan


Hussain Alhejji

Eddy S. Ng

Thomas Garavan

Ronan Carbery


This study explores the forces that promote and hinder gender equality efforts of a multinational corporation (MNC) operating in the Middle East. Specifically, we draw from a case study to document the formal and informal pressures exerted on a British MNC operating in Saudi Arabia to better understand the multiple forces that influence gender equality approaches in the host country. Our findings suggest that while formal institutions such as the legal requirements and localization policies support gender equality, informal forces that are rooted in the cultural norms and traditions are formidable in hindering such efforts and in reinforcing the status quo. The insights generated from our study have the potential to inform public policy makers and organizational decision makers to locate the right policy tool to promote gender equality.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 16, 2016
Online Publication Date May 5, 2016
Publication Date 2016-05
Deposit Date Aug 5, 2016
Journal Thunderbird International Business Review
Print ISSN 1096-4762
Electronic ISSN 1520-6874
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 60
Issue 2
Pages 147-159
Keywords Political Science and International Relations; Geography, Planning and Development; Business and International Management
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