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The Usefulness of the Person-Environment-Occupation Model in an Acute Physical Health Care Setting

Maclean, Fiona; Carin-Levy, Gail; Hunter, Heather; Malcolmson, Lorna; Locke, Elizabeth


Gail Carin-Levy

Heather Hunter

Lorna Malcolmson

Elizabeth Locke


Limited evidence is available to illustrate the use of theory to underpin occupational therapy practice in acute physical health care settings in the United Kingdom.
A generic qualitative method investigated the views, knowledge and perceptions of seven Scottish occupational therapists about the potential usefulness of the Person-Environment-Occupation Model (PEO Model) in acute care. This convenience sample participated in two focus groups: the first to examine and understand the PEO Model and the second to explore further reflections of the strengths and limitations of its use in practice.
The PEO Model has the potential to provide a meaningful framework in which to conceptualise patients in an acute physical health care setting.
The PEO Model offers flexibility regarding the extent to which occupational performance is addressed, in a setting characterised by short hospital admission stays. Also, a range of occupation-focused models was valued to practise effectively in this setting.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 3, 2012
Online Publication Date Dec 1, 2012
Publication Date 2012-12
Deposit Date Mar 17, 2023
Journal British Journal of Occupational Therapy
Print ISSN 0308-0226
Electronic ISSN 1477-6006
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 75
Issue 12
Pages 555-562
Keywords Models (theoretical), Person-Environment-Occupation Model, occupational therapy, hospital