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The Usefulness of the Person-Environment-Occupation Model in an Acute Physical Health Care Setting

Maclean, Fiona; Carin-Levy, Gail; Hunter, Heather; Malcolmson, Lorna; Locke, Elizabeth

Authors

Gail Carin-Levy

Heather Hunter

Lorna Malcolmson

Elizabeth Locke



Abstract

Background:
Limited evidence is available to illustrate the use of theory to underpin occupational therapy practice in acute physical health care settings in the United Kingdom.
Method:
A generic qualitative method investigated the views, knowledge and perceptions of seven Scottish occupational therapists about the potential usefulness of the Person-Environment-Occupation Model (PEO Model) in acute care. This convenience sample participated in two focus groups: the first to examine and understand the PEO Model and the second to explore further reflections of the strengths and limitations of its use in practice.
Findings:
The PEO Model has the potential to provide a meaningful framework in which to conceptualise patients in an acute physical health care setting.
Conclusion:
The PEO Model offers flexibility regarding the extent to which occupational performance is addressed, in a setting characterised by short hospital admission stays. Also, a range of occupation-focused models was valued to practise effectively in this setting.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 3, 2012
Online Publication Date Dec 1, 2012
Publication Date 2012-12
Deposit Date Mar 17, 2023
Journal British Journal of Occupational Therapy
Print ISSN 0308-0226
Electronic ISSN 1477-6006
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 75
Issue 12
Pages 555-562
DOI https://doi.org/10.4276/030802212x13548955545530
Keywords Models (theoretical), Person-Environment-Occupation Model, occupational therapy, hospital