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Nigeria's energy review: Focusing on solar energy potential and penetration

Chanchangi, Yusuf N.; Adu, Flossie; Ghosh, Aritra; Sundaram, Senthilarasu; Mallick, Tapas K.


Yusuf N. Chanchangi

Flossie Adu

Aritra Ghosh

Tapas K. Mallick


In Nigeria, the rapid population increase and the overreliance on fossil fuel have created significant environmental, health, political, and economic consequences leading to severe socio-economic drawbacks. These factors have developed a wide gap between energy demand and supply due to insufficient local production, necessitating a clean energy supply for all. The photovoltaic device's economic and environmental merits have made it the most suitable clean energy alternative to help developing countries such as Nigeria achieve the SDG-7. However, apart from the device's low efficiency, which is undergoing intensive study globally, other factors affect the penetration of the technology in developing countries, particularly Nigeria. This report systematically reviews the literature on the country's energy crisis and renewable energy potential, leading to an overview of solar energy potential and penetration. The potential of the technology and its penetration in the country were provided. A list highlighting challenges hindering technology penetration was also provided, and a solution for each was recommended.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 23, 2022
Online Publication Date Apr 13, 2022
Publication Date 2023
Deposit Date Mar 10, 2023
Publicly Available Date Mar 10, 2023
Journal Environment, Development and Sustainability
Print ISSN 1387-585X
Publisher Springer
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 25
Pages 5755-5796
Keywords Nigeria, Energy, Electricity, Renewable energy, Solar energy, Potential and penetration, Electricity crisis


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