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The application of graphene and its derivatives to energy conversion, storage, and environmental and biosensing devices

Tahir, Asif Ali; Ullah, Habib; Sudhagar, Pitchaimuthu; Mat Teridi, Mohd Asri; Devadoss, Anitha; Sundaram, Senthilarasu


Asif Ali Tahir

Habib Ullah

Pitchaimuthu Sudhagar

Mohd Asri Mat Teridi

Anitha Devadoss


Graphene (GR) and its derivatives are promising materials on the horizon of nanotechnology and material science and have attracted a tremendous amount of research interest in recent years. The unique atom-thick 2D structure with sp2 hybridization and large specific surface area, high thermal conductivity, superior electron mobility, and chemical stability have made GR and its derivatives extremely attractive components for composite materials for solar energy conversion, energy storage, environmental purification, and biosensor applications. This review gives a brief introduction of GR's unique structure, band structure engineering, physical and chemical properties, and recent energy-related progress of GR-based materials in the fields of energy conversion (e.g., photocatalysis, photoelectrochemical water splitting, CO2 reduction, dye-sensitized and organic solar cells, and photosensitizers in photovoltaic devices) and energy storage (batteries, fuel cells, and supercapacitors). The vast coverage of advancements in environmental applications of GR-based materials for photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants, gas sensing, and removal of heavy-metal ions is presented. Additionally, the use of graphene composites in the biosensing field is discussed. We conclude the review with remarks on the challenges, prospects, and further development of GR-based materials in the exciting fields of energy, environment, and bioscience.

Journal Article Type Article
Online Publication Date May 27, 2016
Publication Date Jun 14, 2016
Deposit Date Mar 14, 2023
Print ISSN 1527-8999
Electronic ISSN 1528-0691
Publisher Chemical Society of Japan
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 16
Issue 3
Pages 1591-1634
Keywords energy conversion, energy storage, graphene, photocatalysis, sensors