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Characterization of polypropylene/polystyrene boehmite alumina nanocomposites: Impact of filler surface modification on the mechanical, thermal, and rheological properties

Malwela, Thomas; Khumalo, Vincent Mandla; Salehiyan, Reza; Ray, Suprakas Sinha

Authors

Thomas Malwela

Vincent Mandla Khumalo

Reza Salehiyan

Suprakas Sinha Ray



Abstract

The influences of surface treatment and the concentration of boehmite alumina (BA) particles on polypropylene and polystyrene (PS) (80/20) blends produced via melt compounding were examined. The results show that p-toluene sulfonic acid-treated BA particles yielded the highest stiffness improvement (27.5%), followed by untreated particles (25.7%), and dodecylbenzene sulfonic acid-treated BA particles (8.5%). Transmission electron microscopy revealed that p-toluene sulfonic acid-treated BA particle agglomerates were dispersed in the PS phase, whereas untreated particles formed agglomerations at the interfaces. Dodecylbenzene sulfonic acid-treated particles were poorly dispersed in both matrices. Differential scanning calorimetry showed that both untreated and p-toluene sulfonic acid-treated BA particles acted as nucleating agents in the blend because of the shifting of crystallization peaks to higher temperatures by 12 and 8 °C, respectively. A significant increase in decomposition temperatures occurred upon 7 wt % loading of all types of BA particles into the blend. Heat deflection temperature measurements showed that all types of BA particles improved the thermal properties of the blend.

Journal Article Type Article
Online Publication Date Mar 2, 2018
Publication Date 2018-07
Deposit Date Jan 30, 2023
Journal Journal of Applied Polymer Science
Print ISSN 0021-8995
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 135
Issue 25
Article Number 46376
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/app.46376
Keywords blends; mechanical properties; nanoparticles, nanowires, and nanocrystals; polyolefins; surfactants