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A robust deep learning approach for tomato plant leaf disease localization and classification

Nawaz, Marriam; Nazir, Tahira; Javed, Ali; Masood, Momina; Rashid, Junaid; Kim, Jungeun; Hussain, Amir


Marriam Nawaz

Tahira Nazir

Ali Javed

Momina Masood

Junaid Rashid

Jungeun Kim


Tomato plants' disease detection and classification at the earliest stage can save the farmers from expensive crop sprays and can assist in increasing the food quantity. Although, extensive work has been presented by the researcher for the tomato plant disease classification, however, the timely localization and identification of various tomato leaf diseases is a complex job as a consequence of the huge similarity among the healthy and affected portion of plant leaves. Furthermore, the low contrast information between the background and foreground of the suspected sample has further complicated the plant leaf disease detection process. To deal with the aforementioned challenges, we have presented a robust deep learning (DL)-based approach namely ResNet-34-based Faster-RCNN for tomato plant leaf disease classification. The proposed method includes three basic steps. Firstly, we generate the annotations of the suspected images to specify the region of interest (RoI). In the next step, we have introduced ResNet-34 along with Convolutional Block Attention Module (CBAM) as a feature extractor module of Faster-RCNN to extract the deep key points. Finally, the calculated features are utilized for the Faster-RCNN model training to locate and categorize the numerous tomato plant leaf anomalies. We tested the presented work on an accessible standard database, the PlantVillage Kaggle dataset. More specifically, we have obtained the mAP and accuracy values of 0.981, and 99.97% respectively along with the test time of 0.23 s. Both qualitative and quantitative results confirm that the presented solution is robust to the detection of plant leaf disease and can replace the manual systems. Moreover, the proposed method shows a low-cost solution to tomato leaf disease classification which is robust to several image transformations like the variations in the size, color, and orientation of the leaf diseased portion. Furthermore, the framework can locate the affected plant leaves under the occurrence of blurring, noise, chrominance, and brightness variations. We have confirmed through the reported results that our approach is robust to several tomato leaf diseases classification under the varying image capturing conditions. In the future, we plan to extend our approach to apply it to other parts of plants as well.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 28, 2022
Online Publication Date Nov 3, 2022
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date Nov 7, 2022
Publicly Available Date Nov 7, 2022
Journal Scientific Reports
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 1
Article Number 18568
Public URL


A robust deep learning approach for tomato plant leaf disease localization and classification (4.3 Mb)

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Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

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