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Safeguarding Imperiled Biodiversity and Evolutionary Processes in the Wallacea Center of Endemism

Struebig, Matthew J.; Aninta, Sabhrina G.; Beger, Maria; Bani, Alessia; Barus, Henry; Brace, Selina; Davies, Zoe; De Brauwer, Maarten; Diele, Karen; Djakiman, Cilun; Djamaluddin, Rignolda; Drinkwater, Rosie; Dumbrell, Alex; Evans, Darren; Fusi, Marco; Herrera-Alsina, Leonel; Iskandar, Djoko T.; Jompa, Jamaluddin; Juliandi, Berry; Lancaster, Lesley T.; Limmon, Gino; Lindawati; Lo, Michaela G. Y.; Lupiyaningdyah, Pungki; McCannon, Molly; Meijaard, Erik; Mitchell, Simon L.; Mumbunan, Sonny; O'Connell, Darren; Osborne, Owen G.; Papadopulos, Alex S. T.; Rahajoe, Joeni S.; Rosaria; Rossiter, Stephen J.; Rugayah; Rustiami, Himmah; Salzmann, Ulrich; Sheherazade; Made Sudiana, I.; Sukara, Endang; Tasirin, Johny S.; Tjoa, Aiyen; Travis, Justin M. J.; Trethowan, Liam; Trianto, Agus; Utteridge, Tim; Voigt, Maria; Winarni, Nurul; Zakaria, Zulianto; Edwards, David P.; Frantz, Laurent; Supriatna, Jatna


Matthew J. Struebig

Sabhrina G. Aninta

Maria Beger

Alessia Bani

Henry Barus

Selina Brace

Zoe Davies

Maarten De Brauwer

Cilun Djakiman

Rignolda Djamaluddin

Rosie Drinkwater

Alex Dumbrell

Darren Evans

Marco Fusi

Leonel Herrera-Alsina

Djoko T. Iskandar

Jamaluddin Jompa

Berry Juliandi

Lesley T. Lancaster

Gino Limmon


Michaela G. Y. Lo

Pungki Lupiyaningdyah

Molly McCannon

Erik Meijaard

Simon L. Mitchell

Sonny Mumbunan

Darren O'Connell

Owen G. Osborne

Alex S. T. Papadopulos

Joeni S. Rahajoe


Stephen J. Rossiter


Himmah Rustiami

Ulrich Salzmann


I. Made Sudiana

Endang Sukara

Johny S. Tasirin

Aiyen Tjoa

Justin M. J. Travis

Liam Trethowan

Agus Trianto

Tim Utteridge

Maria Voigt

Nurul Winarni

Zulianto Zakaria

David P. Edwards

Laurent Frantz

Jatna Supriatna


Wallacea—the meeting point between the Asian and Australian fauna—is one of the world's largest centers of endemism. Twenty-three million years of complex geological history have given rise to a living laboratory for the study of evolution and biodiversity, highly vulnerable to anthropogenic pressures. In the present article, we review the historic and contemporary processes shaping Wallacea's biodiversity and explore ways to conserve its unique ecosystems. Although remoteness has spared many Wallacean islands from the severe overexploitation that characterizes many tropical regions, industrial-scale expansion of agriculture, mining, aquaculture and fisheries is damaging terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, denuding endemics from communities, and threatening a long-term legacy of impoverished human populations. An impending biodiversity catastrophe demands collaborative actions to improve community-based management, minimize environmental impacts, monitor threatened species, and reduce wildlife trade. Securing a positive future for Wallacea's imperiled ecosystems requires a fundamental shift away from managing marine and terrestrial realms independently.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 7, 2022
Online Publication Date Oct 19, 2022
Publication Date 2022-11
Deposit Date Oct 19, 2022
Publicly Available Date Oct 19, 2022
Print ISSN 0006-3568
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 72
Issue 11
Pages 1118-1130
Keywords conservation, evolution, interdisciplinary science, tropical ecosystems, applied ecology
Public URL


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