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Sociological Tools for Improving Women's Representation and Experiences in Strength and Conditioning Coaching

Lord, Rhiannon; Kavaliauskas, Mykolas


Rhiannon Lord

Mykolas Kavaliauskas


Women are underrepresented in strength and conditioning (S&C) coaching, arguably more so than women in sport coaching. They account for approximately 6-16% of strength and conditioning coaches at all levels, thus negatively affecting the gendered experiences of women working in S&C. Based on evidence from coaching research, this is likely because of longstanding patterns of structural bias and discrimination, which is inherent in sport, but it is important for future strength and conditioning coaches (SCCs), both men and women, that more equitable practices and opportunities are implemented. In this article, we present 3 sociological perspectives as tools for those working in S&C, including individual coaches, educators, governing bodies, and organizations, to critically examine their gendered practices and environments. We hope that by doing sociology within their day-today practice, those working in S&C can develop a better awareness of structural bias and forms of discrimination that affect women SCCs' experiences and then, where possible, make positive changes for women working in the field.


Lord, R., & Kavaliauskas, M. (2023). Sociological Tools for Improving Women's Representation and Experiences in Strength and Conditioning Coaching. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 45(1), 40-48.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 6, 2022
Online Publication Date May 13, 2022
Publication Date 2023-02
Deposit Date May 16, 2022
Publicly Available Date May 14, 2023
Print ISSN 1524-1602
Electronic ISSN 1533-4295
Publisher Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 45
Issue 1
Pages 40-48
Keywords sociology; coaching; strength and conditioning coaching; women in strength and conditioning; women strength and conditioning coaches; theory to practice
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Sociological Tools For Improving Women's Representation And Experiences In Strength And Conditioning Coaching (accepted version) (299 Kb)

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