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Measuring positive memories of home and family during childhood: The development and initial validation of the ‘Memories of Home and Family Scale’

Shevlin, Mark; Redican, Enya; McElroy, Eoin; Ben-Ezra, Menachem; Karatzias, Thanos; Hyland, Philip


Mark Shevlin

Enya Redican

Eoin McElroy

Menachem Ben-Ezra

Philip Hyland


There is a burgeoning evidence base highlighting the positive influence of benevolent childhood experiences (BCEs), even in the context of adversity. However, few measures are available to assess BCEs. The current study sought to develop and validate a measure which assesses positive recollections of experiences and emotions at home and with family during childhood called the ‘Memories of Home and Family Scale’(MHFS). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was employed to test the latent structure of the preliminary MHFS item scores in a sample of university students from the United Kingdom (N = 624). Following selection of the best-fitting model and final items for inclusion in the scale, total and subscale scores were correlated with a range of mental health outcomes. CFA results indicated that the latent structure of the MHFS items was best represented by a correlated six-factor first-order model. The final MHFS demonstrated high levels of internal reliability and convergent validity.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 11, 2022
Online Publication Date Jun 17, 2022
Publication Date 2023-09
Deposit Date May 12, 2022
Publicly Available Date May 12, 2022
Print ISSN 1046-1310
Publisher Springer
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 42
Issue 26
Pages 22255-22264
Keywords Benevolent childhood experiences, Adverse childhood experiences, Resilience
Public URL


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