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Evolution towards Smart and Software-Defined Internet of Things

Abid, Muhammad Aneeq; Afaqui, Naokhaiz; Khan, Muazzam A.; Akhtar, Muhammad Waseem; Malik, Asad Waqar; Munir, Arslan; Ahmad, Jawad; Shabir, Balawal


Muhammad Aneeq Abid

Naokhaiz Afaqui

Muazzam A. Khan

Muhammad Waseem Akhtar

Asad Waqar Malik

Arslan Munir

Balawal Shabir


The Internet of Things (IoT) is a mesh network of interconnected objects with unique identifiers that can transmit data and communicate with one another without the need for human intervention. The IoT has brought the future closer to us. It has opened up new and vast domains for connecting not only people, but also all kinds of simple objects and phenomena all around us. With billions of heterogeneous devices connected to the Internet, the network architecture must evolve to accommodate the expected increase in data generation while also improving the security and efficiency of connectivity. Traditional IoT architectures are primitive and incapable of extending functionality and productivity to the IoT infrastructure’s desired levels. Software-Defined Networking (SDN) and virtualization are two promising technologies for cost-effectively handling the scale and versatility required for IoT. In this paper, we discussed traditional IoT networks and the need for SDN and Network Function Virtualization (NFV), followed by an analysis of SDN and NFV solutions for implementing IoT in various ways.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 12, 2022
Online Publication Date Feb 21, 2022
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date Mar 3, 2022
Publicly Available Date Mar 3, 2022
Journal AI
Print ISSN 2673-2688
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 3
Issue 1
Pages 100-123
Keywords Internet of Things (IoT); Software-Defined Networking (SDN); Network Function Virtualization (NFV); massive connectivity; industrial IoT; IoT evolution
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Evolution towards Smart and Software-Defined Internet of Things (972 Kb)

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