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Using Intervention Mapping for Systematic Development of a Midwife-Delivered Intervention for Prevention and Reduction of Maternal Distress during Pregnancy

Kuipers, Yvonne; van Limbeek, Evelien; Ausems, Marlein; de Vries, Raymond; Nieuwenhuijze, Marianne


Evelien van Limbeek

Marlein Ausems

Raymond de Vries

Marianne Nieuwenhuijze


The authors describe how Intervention Mapping was used to develop a midwife-led intervention to prevent or reduce maternal distress during pregnancy. An extensive needs assessment showed that both pregnant women and midwives needed to be taught to recognise the vulnerability for developing maternal distress during pregnancy and how to identify maternal distress when it occurs. In addition to these mutual learning needs, women needed to learn to disclose their problems, how to handle maternal distress in their daily lives, and the value of seeking help when necessary. Midwives needed to prepare themselves to provide (collaborative) care for maternal distress. Screening and psycho-education were pathways to support self-disclosure, self-management, mobilizing support and treatment of maternal distress. Theory-based methods - such as tailoring, communicative support, individualization, advance organisers, cultural similarity, consciousness raising, elaboration, and cue altering - were built into a web-based tailored program for women. Information processing, intergroup dialogue training, verbal persuasion, providing cues, facilitation of means, and structural organization were the theory-based methods that were built into a training program and a toolbox for the midwife-delivered program. The program was introduced by means of the training given to midwives from 17 midwife-led practices in the Netherlands and proved to be effective. Finally, process and effect evaluations were planned.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 19, 2015
Online Publication Date Dec 22, 2015
Publication Date Dec 19, 2015
Deposit Date Feb 21, 2022
Publicly Available Date Feb 21, 2022
Journal International Journal of Women's Health and Wellness
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 1
Issue 1
Keywords Intervention, Intervention mapping, Maternal distress, Preventative measures
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