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Factors Influencing the Maternal Life Balance of Flemish Mothers, a Cross-Sectional Study

Kuipers, Jacoba; Van Leugenhaege, Luka; Van de Craen, Natacha; Van den Branden, Laura; Bleijenbergh, Roxanne; Mestdagh, Eveline; Van Rompaey, Bart


Luka Van Leugenhaege

Natacha Van de Craen

Laura Van den Branden

Roxanne Bleijenbergh

Eveline Mestdagh

Bart Van Rompaey


This cross-sectional study examined the levels of maternal life balance and its influencing factors. The sample was composed of 731 Flemish mothers who self-reported on perceived maternal life balance; maternal-infant bonding; emotional wellbeing and coping responses to motherhood. Sociodemographic details were obtained. Mothers overall perceived life balance. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed a model with predictors of perceived maternal life balance: Sense of coherence (B.157; p.000), level of education (B.035; p.000), seeking social support (B.064; p.008) and shared parenting (B.080; p.030) had a significant positive relationship with maternal life balance. Low emotional wellbeing (B-.273; p.000), income level (B-.144; p < .000), maternal age (B−.009; p.011) had a significant
negative relationship with maternal life balance. To establish and maintain maternal life balance, Flemish mothers, mothers ≥31 years of age in particular, would benefit from support during their children’s pre-primary school age-period, irrespective of maternal socio economic characteristics. Professional and peer support should include the dialogue about transition to motherhood, adaptation of the maternal identity and about maternal role attainment. The woman’s emotional wellbeing, her concerns about motherhood, her coping resources and what motherhood means to the individual woman should be considered. Education of professionals and future research, with specific attention to co-parents, older mothers and mothers with a non-Flemish background, are recommended.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 3, 2019
Online Publication Date Nov 16, 2019
Publication Date 2021-04
Deposit Date Jan 10, 2022
Journal Applied Research in Quality of Life
Print ISSN 1871-2584
Electronic ISSN 1871-2576
Publisher Springer
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 16
Issue 2
Pages 611-627
Keywords Motherhood ; Maternal ; Life balance ; Bonding ; Emotional wellbeing ; Adaptation
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