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UEFA expert group statement on nutrition in elite football. Current evidence to inform practical recommendations and guide future research

Collins, James; Maughan, Ronald John; Gleeson, Michael; Bilsborough, Johann; Jeukendrup, Asker; Morton, James P; Phillips, S M; Armstrong, Lawrence; Burke, Louise M; Close, Graeme L; Duffield, Rob; Larson-Meyer, Enette; Louis, Julien; Medina, Daniel; Meyer, Flavia; Rollo, Ian; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn; Wall, Benjamin T; Boullosa, Beatriz; Dupont, Gregory; Lizarraga, Antonia; Res, Peter; Bizzini, Mario; Castagna, Carlo; Cowie, Charlotte M; D'Hooghe, Michel; Geyer, Hans; Meyer, Tim; Papadimitriou, Niki; Vouillamoz, Marc; McCall, Alan


James Collins

Ronald John Maughan

Michael Gleeson

Johann Bilsborough

Asker Jeukendrup

James P Morton

S M Phillips

Lawrence Armstrong

Louise M Burke

Graeme L Close

Rob Duffield

Enette Larson-Meyer

Julien Louis

Daniel Medina

Flavia Meyer

Ian Rollo

Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen

Benjamin T Wall

Beatriz Boullosa

Gregory Dupont

Antonia Lizarraga

Peter Res

Mario Bizzini

Carlo Castagna

Charlotte M Cowie

Michel D'Hooghe

Hans Geyer

Tim Meyer

Niki Papadimitriou

Marc Vouillamoz


Football is a global game which is constantly evolving, showing substantial increases in physical and technical demands. Nutrition plays a valuable integrated role in optimising performance of elite players during training and match-play, and maintaining their overall health throughout the season. An evidence-based approach to nutrition emphasising, a ‘food first’ philosophy (ie, food over supplements), is fundamental to ensure effective player support. This requires relevant scientific evidence to be applied according to the constraints of what is practical and feasible in the football setting. The science underpinning sports nutrition is evolving fast, and practitioners must be alert to new developments. In response to these developments, the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) has gathered experts in applied sports nutrition research as well as practitioners working with elite football clubs and national associations/federations to issue an expert statement on a range of topics relevant to elite football nutrition: (1) match day nutrition, (2) training day nutrition, (3) body composition, (4) stressful environments and travel, (5) cultural diversity and dietary considerations, (6) dietary supplements, (7) rehabilitation, (8) referees and (9) junior high-level players. The expert group provide a narrative synthesis of the scientific background relating to these topics based on their knowledge and experience of the scientific research literature, as well as practical experience of applying knowledge within an elite sports setting. Our intention is to provide readers with content to help drive their own practical recommendations. In addition, to provide guidance to applied researchers where to focus future efforts.


Collins, J., Maughan, R. J., Gleeson, M., Bilsborough, J., Jeukendrup, A., Morton, J. P., Phillips, S. M., Armstrong, L., Burke, L. M., Close, G. L., Duffield, R., Larson-Meyer, E., Louis, J., Medina, D., Meyer, F., Rollo, I., Sundgot-Borgen, J., Wall, B. T., Boullosa, B., Dupont, G., …McCall, A. (2021). UEFA expert group statement on nutrition in elite football. Current evidence to inform practical recommendations and guide future research. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 55(8),

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 18, 2020
Online Publication Date Oct 23, 2020
Publication Date 2021-04
Deposit Date May 13, 2021
Journal British Journal of Sports Medicine
Print ISSN 0306-3674
Electronic ISSN 1473-0480
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 55
Issue 8
Keywords Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation; Orthopedics and Sports Medicine; General Medicine
Public URL