Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Visualizing Sets: An Empirical Comparison of Diagram Types.

Chapman, Peter; Stapleton, Gem; Rodgers, Peter; Micallef, Luana; Blake, Andrew


Gem Stapleton

Peter Rodgers

Luana Micallef

Andrew Blake


There are a range of diagram types that can be used to visualize
sets. However, there is a significant lack of insight into which is the
most effective visualization. To address this knowledge gap, this paper empirically evaluates four diagram types: Venn diagrams, Euler diagrams with shading, Euler diagrams without shading, and the less well-known linear diagrams. By collecting performance data (time to complete tasks and error rate), through crowdsourcing, we establish that linear diagrams outperform the other three diagram types in terms of both task completion time and number of errors. Venn diagrams perform worst from both perspectives. Thus, we provide evidence that linear diagrams are the most effective of these four diagram types for representing sets.

Presentation Conference Type Conference Paper (Published)
Conference Name 8th International Conference on Theory and Application of Diagrams: Diagrams 2014
Start Date Jul 28, 2014
End Date Aug 1, 2014
Acceptance Date Feb 14, 2014
Publication Date 2014
Deposit Date May 2, 2016
Publisher Springer
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 8578
Pages 146-160
Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science
Series Number 8578
Series ISSN 0302-9743
Book Title Diagrammatic Representation and Inference
ISBN 978-3-662-44042-1
Keywords Set visualization; linear diagrams; Venn diagrams; Eulerdiagrams;
Public URL
Publisher URL

You might also like

Downloadable Citations