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Modelling and Characterization of NAND Flash Memory Channels.

Xu, Quan; Gong, Pu; Chen, Thomas M; Michael, John; Li, Shancang


Quan Xu

Pu Gong

Thomas M Chen

John Michael

Shancang Li


The threshold voltage distribution after ideal programming in NAND flash memory cells is usually distorted by a combination of the random telegraph noise (RTN), cell-to-cell Interference (CCI), and the retention process. To decide the original bits more accurately in this scenario, a precise channel model shall be utilized on the basis of the measured threshold voltages. This paper aims to characterize these various distortions occurring in multi-level cell (MLC) flash memories. A mathematical description of the overall distribution for the total flash channel distortion is presented. The final threshold voltage distribution for each symbol of MLC flash is also characterized, which is important for calculating the exact soft decisions of cell bits and the application of advanced flash error correction. The results of the theoretical analysis have been validated through Monte Carlo simulations of the flash channel.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2015-06
Deposit Date Apr 21, 2015
Print ISSN 0263-2241
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 70
Pages 225-231
Keywords NAND flash; Error correction codes; Flash channel;
Soft decisions;
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