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Fulfilling promises of more substantive democracy? Post-neoliberalism and natural resource governance in South America

Siegel, Karen M.

Authors

Karen M. Siegel



Abstract

Benefitting from the commodity boom progressive governments across South America have sought to move away from the neoliberal policies adopted previously by strengthening the role of the state and using revenues from commodity exports to address social concerns. This approach, often called neo-extractivism, has become the main development strategy over the past 15 years. Yet, the increasingly intensive and extensive natural resource exploitation underlying this development strategy has also led to multiple protests and contestations across South America. This paper thus examines the relationship between neo-extractivism as a development strategy and the quality of democracy under progressive governments in South America. On the one hand, neo-extractivism has allowed states to become more inclusive by paying attention to social concerns which in turn has been an important element in the legitimacy of progressive governments. On the other hand, the reliance on neo-extractivism as the main development strategy poses important constraints on the ability of post-neoliberal states to build more substantive democracies which could take into account a variety of positions, give citizens a say in decisions directly affecting their livelihoods and promote public debates on key questions confronting society.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 11, 2015
Online Publication Date Apr 6, 2016
Publication Date 2016-05
Deposit Date May 18, 2016
Publicly Available Date Apr 7, 2018
Journal Development and Change
Print ISSN 0012-155X
Electronic ISSN 1467-7660
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 47
Issue 3
Pages 495-516
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/dech.12234
Keywords post-neoliberalism; neo-extractivism; democracy; South America; natural resources
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/id/eprint/9774
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dech.12234
Contract Date May 18, 2016

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