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Evaluating the key factors of green port policies in Taiwan through quantitative and qualitative approaches

Tseng, Po-Hsing; Pilcher, Nick


Po-Hsing Tseng


This paper presents a holistic picture of the factors that affect green port policies through the use of both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Quantitatively, fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP) method with 25 questionnaires was used to identify key factors. Questionnaire participants included 13 ocean carriers and 12 governmental officials, all of whom were senior port experts with a minimum of 10 years working experience. Qualitatively, in-depth interviews based on grounded theory with ocean carriers (5) and governmental officials (4) in three ports were conducted in Taiwan. The quantitative FAHP analysis found the key factors to be environmental policy and regulation, followed by economic leverage, human and technical leverage. The qualitative interviews contextualise and enhance these FAHP results by illustrating the complexities and subtleties of these key factors for different stakeholders. Theoretical and practical implications are considered and suggestions are made for future policy approaches and to help develop green port approaches.


Tseng, P., & Pilcher, N. (2019). Evaluating the key factors of green port policies in Taiwan through quantitative and qualitative approaches. Transport Policy, 82, 127-137.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 28, 2018
Online Publication Date Jan 7, 2019
Publication Date 2019-10
Deposit Date Jan 10, 2019
Publicly Available Date Jan 14, 2019
Journal Transport Policy
Print ISSN 0967-070X
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 82
Pages 127-137
Keywords Green port, Grounded theory, Fuzzy analytic hierarchy process, Interview, Taiwan
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