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Effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing on adult behaviour change in health and social care settings: A systematic review of reviews

Frost, Helen; Campbell, Pauline; Maxwell, Margaret; O�Carroll, Ronan E.; Dombrowski, Stephan U.; Williams, Brian; Cheyne, Helen; Coles, Emma; Pollock, Alex


Helen Frost

Pauline Campbell

Margaret Maxwell

Ronan E. O�Carroll

Stephan U. Dombrowski

Brian Williams

Helen Cheyne

Emma Coles

Alex Pollock


The challenge of addressing unhealthy lifestyle choice is of global concern. Motivational Interviewing has been widely implemented to help people change their behaviour, but it is unclear for whom it is most beneficial. This overview aims to appraise and synthesise the review evidence for the effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing on health behaviour of adults in health and social care settings.

A systematic review of reviews. Methods were pre-specified and documented in a protocol (PROSPERO–CRD42016049278). We systematically searched 7 electronic databases: CDSR; DARE; PROSPERO; MEDLINE; CINAHL; AMED and PsycINFO from 2000 to May 2018. Two reviewers applied pre-defined selection criteria, extracted data using TIDIER guidelines and assessed methodological quality using the ROBIS tool. We used GRADE criteria to rate the strength of the evidence for reviews including meta-analyses.

Searches identified 5222 records. One hundred and four reviews, including 39 meta-analyses met the inclusion criteria. Most meta-analysis evidence was graded as low or very low (128/155). Moderate quality evidence for mainly short term (

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 17, 2018
Online Publication Date Oct 18, 2018
Publication Date Oct 18, 2018
Deposit Date Dec 5, 2018
Publicly Available Date Dec 6, 2018
Journal PLOS ONE
Print ISSN 1932-6203
Publisher Public Library of Science
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 13
Issue 10
Article Number e0204890
Keywords Systematic review, Motivational Interviewing, Health and Social Care
Public URL
Contract Date Dec 6, 2018


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Copyright Statement
© 2018 Frost et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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