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Expressive Talking Avatars (2024)
Journal Article
Pan, Y., Tan, S., Cheng, S., Lin, Q., Zeng, Z., & Mitchell, K. (in press). Expressive Talking Avatars. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, https://doi.org/10.1109/TVCG.2024.3372047

Stylized avatars are common virtual representations used in VR to support interaction and communication between remote collaborators. However, explicit expressions are notoriously difficult to create, mainly because most current methods rely on geome... Read More about Expressive Talking Avatars.

DanceMark: An open telemetry framework for latency sensitive real-time networked immersive experiences (2024)
Conference Proceeding
Koniaris, B., Sinclair, D., & Mitchell, K. (in press). DanceMark: An open telemetry framework for latency sensitive real-time networked immersive experiences.

DanceMark is an open telemetry framework designed for latency-sensitive real-time networked immersive experiences, focusing on online dancing in virtual reality within the DanceGraph platform. The goal is to minimize end-to-end latency and enhance us... Read More about DanceMark: An open telemetry framework for latency sensitive real-time networked immersive experiences.

Augmented Reality AI Co-Driver: Impact on Drivers Perceived Experience and Safety (2023)
Conference Proceeding
Charissis, V. (in press). Augmented Reality AI Co-Driver: Impact on Drivers Perceived Experience and Safety. In Proceedings of the International Display Workshops (IDW '23)

This project investigates the use of an AI codriver that could support the driver's decision-making process. The information is presented through AR HUD and audio. The evaluation by 20 users in a VR driving simulator presented both encouraging outcom... Read More about Augmented Reality AI Co-Driver: Impact on Drivers Perceived Experience and Safety.

Real-time Facial Animation for 3D Stylized Character with Emotion Dynamics (2023)
Conference Proceeding
Pan, Y., Zhang, R., Wang, J., Ding, Y., & Mitchell, K. (2023). Real-time Facial Animation for 3D Stylized Character with Emotion Dynamics. In MM '23: Proceedings of the 31st ACM International Conference on Multimedia (6851-6859). https://doi.org/10.1145/3581783.3613803

Our aim is to improve animation production techniques' efficiency and effectiveness. We present two real-time solutions which drive character expressions in a geometrically consistent and perceptually valid way. Our first solution combines keyframe a... Read More about Real-time Facial Animation for 3D Stylized Character with Emotion Dynamics.

Use and operational safety (2023)
Book Chapter
Reed, N., Charisis, V., & Cowper, S. (2023). Use and operational safety. In D. Ventriglia, & M. Kahl (Eds.), FISITA Intelligent Safety White Paper – The Safety of Electro-Mobility: Expert considerations on the Safety of an Electric Vehicle from concept through end of life (107-111). FISITA

Whether you are an individual buying your first car or replacing an existing vehicle, or if you are a fleet manager making vehicle purchase decisions on behalf of a company, the acquisition of a car is usually a highly significant purchase. Increasi... Read More about Use and operational safety.

Editorial: Games May Host the First Rightful AI Citizens (2023)
Journal Article
Mitchell, K. (2023). Editorial: Games May Host the First Rightful AI Citizens. Games: Research and Practice, 1(2), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1145/3606834

GAMES creatively take place in imaginative worlds informed by, but often not limited by, real-world challenges, and this advantageously provides an accelerated environment for innovation, where concepts and ideas can be explored unencumbered by physi... Read More about Editorial: Games May Host the First Rightful AI Citizens.

DanceGraph: A Complementary Architecture for Synchronous Dancing Online (2023)
Presentation / Conference
Sinclair, D., Ademola, A. V., Koniaris, B., & Mitchell, K. (2023, May). DanceGraph: A Complementary Architecture for Synchronous Dancing Online. Paper presented at 36th International Computer Animation & Social Agents (CASA) 2023, Limassol, Cyprus

DanceGraph is an architecture for synchronized online dancing overcoming the latency of net-worked body pose sharing. We break down this challenge by developing a real-time bandwidth-efficient architecture to minimize lag and reduce the timeframe of... Read More about DanceGraph: A Complementary Architecture for Synchronous Dancing Online.

Can Gamification Improve User Experience (UX) of Servitization in the Financial and Construction Sector? (2022)
Conference Proceeding
Khan, M. S., Charissis, V., & Harrison, D. K. (2022). Can Gamification Improve User Experience (UX) of Servitization in the Financial and Construction Sector?. In HCI International 2022 - Late Breaking Papers. Interaction in New Media, Learning and Games (592-603). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-22131-6_44

The monetisation of the provision of consumer services rather than products is advantageous and leads to higher profit margins for the providing companies in comparison to the sole manufacturing of consumer products. This business model has gradually... Read More about Can Gamification Improve User Experience (UX) of Servitization in the Financial and Construction Sector?.

Servitization Through VR Serious Games: From Manufacturing to Consumer Electronics (2022)
Conference Proceeding
Charissis, V., Khan, M. S., & Harrison, D. K. (2022). Servitization Through VR Serious Games: From Manufacturing to Consumer Electronics. In HCI International 2022 - Late Breaking Papers. Interaction in New Media, Learning and Games (545-555). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-22131-6_40

The provision of services instead of the actual products is becoming a major area of interest for the products provision companies involved in the manufacturing, electronics and construction industries amongst others. Current work in the disseminatio... Read More about Servitization Through VR Serious Games: From Manufacturing to Consumer Electronics.

Utilising Gamification and Virtual Environments to Present Digitally Enhanced Advanced Services (DEAS) for the Financial Sector (2022)
Conference Proceeding
Khan, C., Charissis, V., & Harrison, D. K. (2023). Utilising Gamification and Virtual Environments to Present Digitally Enhanced Advanced Services (DEAS) for the Financial Sector. In Proceedings of the Future Technologies Conference (FTC) 2022, Volume 3 (802-814). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-18344-7_58

Servitization offers a fresh opportunity for manufacturing and finance companies to incorporate additional services to the main product, as part of an extended maintenance scheme or for insurance purposes. Parametric insurance products based on new t... Read More about Utilising Gamification and Virtual Environments to Present Digitally Enhanced Advanced Services (DEAS) for the Financial Sector.

Collimated Whole Volume Light Scattering in Homogeneous Finite Media (2022)
Journal Article
Velinov, Z., & Mitchell, K. (2023). Collimated Whole Volume Light Scattering in Homogeneous Finite Media. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 29(7), 3145-3157. https://doi.org/10.1109/TVCG.2021.3135764

Crepuscular rays form when light encounters an optically thick or opaque medium which masks out portions of the visible scene. Real-time applications commonly estimate this phenomena by connecting paths between light sources and the camera after a si... Read More about Collimated Whole Volume Light Scattering in Homogeneous Finite Media.

Embodied online dance learning objectives of CAROUSEL + (2021)
Conference Proceeding
Mitchell, K., Koniaris, B., Tamariz, M., Kennedy, J., Cheema, N., Mekler, E., …Mac Williams, C. (2021). Embodied online dance learning objectives of CAROUSEL +. In 2021 IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces Abstracts and Workshops (VRW) (309-313). https://doi.org/10.1109/VRW52623.2021.00062

This is a position paper concerning the embodied dance learning objectives of the CAROUSEL + 1 project, which aims to impact how online immersive technologies influence multiuser interaction and communication with a focus on dancing and learning danc... Read More about Embodied online dance learning objectives of CAROUSEL +.

“MedChemVR”: a virtual reality game to enhance medicinal chemistry education (2021)
Journal Article
Abuhammad, A., Falah, J., Alfalah, S. F. M., Abu-Tarboush, M., Tarawneh, R. T., Drikakis, D., & Charissis, V. (2021). “MedChemVR”: a virtual reality game to enhance medicinal chemistry education. Multimodal Technologies and Interaction, 5(3), Article 10. https://doi.org/10.3390/mti5030010

Medicinal chemistry (MC) is an indispensable component of the pharmacy curriculum. The pharmacists’ unique knowledge of a medicine’s chemistry enhances their understanding of the pharmacological activity, manufacturing, storage, use, supply, and hand... Read More about “MedChemVR”: a virtual reality game to enhance medicinal chemistry education.

Employing emerging technologies to develop and evaluate in-vehicle intelligent systems for driver support: infotainment AR HUD case study (2021)
Journal Article
Charissis, V., Falah, J., Lagoo, R., Alfalah, S. F. M., Khan, S., Wang, S., …Drikakis, D. (2021). Employing emerging technologies to develop and evaluate in-vehicle intelligent systems for driver support: infotainment AR HUD case study. Applied Sciences, 11(4), Article 1397. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11041397

The plurality of current infotainment devices within the in-vehicle space produces an unprecedented volume of incoming data that overwhelm the typical driver, leading to higher collision probability. This work presents an investigation to an alternat... Read More about Employing emerging technologies to develop and evaluate in-vehicle intelligent systems for driver support: infotainment AR HUD case study.

Performance for Care (2020)
Presentation / Conference
Mahoney, C., & Mermikedes, A. (2020, November). Performance for Care. Presented at Performance for Care, Online

As the use of drama in the education of healthcare professionals becomes more widely accepted, its relationship to the more established practice of simulation based learning merits further examination. Though these two pedagogic approaches stem from... Read More about Performance for Care.

FaceMagic: Real-time Facial Detail Effects on Mobile (2020)
Conference Proceeding
Casas, L., Li, Y., & Mitchell, K. (2020). FaceMagic: Real-time Facial Detail Effects on Mobile. In SA '20: SIGGRAPH Asia 2020 Technical Communications (1-4). https://doi.org/10.1145/3410700.3425429

We present a novel real-time face detail reconstruction method capable of recovering high quality geometry on consumer mobile devices. Our system firstly uses a morphable model and semantic segmentation of facial parts to achieve robust self-calibrat... Read More about FaceMagic: Real-time Facial Detail Effects on Mobile.

Improving VIP viewer Gaze Estimation and Engagement Using Adaptive Dynamic Anamorphosis (2020)
Journal Article
Pan, Y., & Mitchell, K. (2021). Improving VIP viewer Gaze Estimation and Engagement Using Adaptive Dynamic Anamorphosis. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 147, Article 102563. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhcs.2020.102563

Anamorphosis for 2D displays can provide viewer centric perspective viewing, enabling 3D appearance, eye contact and engagement, by adapting dynamically in real time to a single moving viewer’s viewpoint, but at the cost of distorted viewing for othe... Read More about Improving VIP viewer Gaze Estimation and Engagement Using Adaptive Dynamic Anamorphosis.

Active Learning for Interactive Audio-Animatronic Performance Design (2020)
Journal Article
Castellon, J., Bächer, M., McCrory, M., Ayala, A., Stolarz, J., & Mitchell, K. (2020). Active Learning for Interactive Audio-Animatronic Performance Design. The Journal of Computer Graphics Techniques, 9(3), 1-19

We present a practical neural computational approach for interactive design of Audio-Animatronic® facial performances. An offline quasi-static reference simulation, driven by a coupled mechanical assembly, accurately predicts hyperelastic skin deform... Read More about Active Learning for Interactive Audio-Animatronic Performance Design.

PoseMMR: A Collaborative Mixed Reality Authoring Tool for Character Animation (2020)
Conference Proceeding
Pan, Y., & Mitchell, K. (2020). PoseMMR: A Collaborative Mixed Reality Authoring Tool for Character Animation. In 2020 IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces Abstracts and Workshops (VRW) (759-760). https://doi.org/10.1109/vrw50115.2020.00230

Augmented reality devices enable new approaches for character animation, e.g., given that character posing is three dimensional in nature it follows that interfaces with higher degrees-of-freedom (DoF) should outperform 2D interfaces. We present Pose... Read More about PoseMMR: A Collaborative Mixed Reality Authoring Tool for Character Animation.

Group-Based Expert Walkthroughs: How Immersive Technologies Can Facilitate the Collaborative Authoring of Character Animation (2020)
Conference Proceeding
Pan, Y., & Mitchell, K. (2020). Group-Based Expert Walkthroughs: How Immersive Technologies Can Facilitate the Collaborative Authoring of Character Animation. In 2020 IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces Abstracts and Workshops (VRW) ( ‏188-195). https://doi.org/10.1109/vrw50115.2020.00041

Immersive technologies have increasingly attracted the attention of the computer animation community in search of more intuitive and effective alternatives to the current sophisticated 2D interfaces. The higher affordances offered by 3D interaction,... Read More about Group-Based Expert Walkthroughs: How Immersive Technologies Can Facilitate the Collaborative Authoring of Character Animation.