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VLC-Assisted Safety Message Dissemination in Roadside Infrastructure-Less IoV Systems: Modeling and Analysis

Xie, Yuncong; Xu, Dongyang; Zhang, Tiantian; Yu, Keping; Hussain, Amir; Guizani, Mohsen

Authors

Yuncong Xie

Dongyang Xu

Tiantian Zhang

Keping Yu

Mohsen Guizani



Abstract

Internet of Vehicles (IoV) is an emerging paradigm with significant potential to improve traffic efficiency and driving safety. Here, we focus on the design of a novel visible light communication (VLC)-assisted scheme to enable driving safety-related Internet of Vehicles (IoV) services that require ultrareliable and low-latency communications (URLLC). Specifically, the Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) communication mode is adopted to satisfy the ultralow latency requirement of URLLC in roadside infrastructure-less IoV systems. In the outdoor V2V- VLC scenarios, the quality of the received optical signal is degraded by path loss, atmospheric turbulence and additive noise. In addition, the short-packet feature of URLLC introduces inevitable data decoding errors and imperfect channel state information (CSI). With this background, we aim to investigate the reliability performance of URLLC in outdoor V2V- VLC systems, which is described by the average packet loss probability under given user-plane transmission latency. First, we consider the ideal case of a perfect CSI at the receiver, and derive an analytical expression of average packet loss probability. Further, a closed-form approximation is provided to simplify the numerical calculation. Next, we extend the theoretical analysis to a practical V2V- VLC system with imperfect CSI at the receiver. Through numerical results, we validate the accuracy of our designed theoretical framework and propose ideas to enable driving safety-related IoV services in outdoor V2V- VLC systems.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 17, 2023
Online Publication Date Oct 2, 2023
Publication Date Mar 1, 2024
Deposit Date Feb 26, 2024
Publicly Available Date Mar 4, 2024
Journal IEEE Internet of Things Journal
Print ISSN 2327-4662
Electronic ISSN 2327-4662
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 11
Issue 5
Pages 8185-8198
DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/jiot.2023.3321268
Keywords Internet of Vehicles (IoV), short packet, ultra- reliable and low-latency communications (URLLC), Vehicle-to- Vehicle (V2V), visible light communication (VLC)
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/Output/3521525

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