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Patterns of exploitation: Trends and modus operandi in human trafficking in Finland, Latvia, Estonia, Poland and Ukraine

Pekkarinen, Anna-Greta; Jokinen, Anniina

Authors

Anna-Greta Pekkarinen

Anniina Jokinen



Contributors

Anna-Greta Pekkarinen
Researcher

Tiina Turunen
Researcher

Riikka Huovinen
Researcher

Saara Haapasaari
Researcher

Anniina Jokinen
Researcher

Natalia Ollus
Researcher

Anna Markina
Researcher

Laura Lajal
Researcher

Kevin Reim
Researcher

Agnese Zīle-Veisberga
Researcher

Daiga Gavariņa
Researcher

Jurijs Misjuns
Researcher

Māris Indrikovs
Researcher

Suzanne Hoff
Researcher

Irena Dawid
Researcher

Kateryna Cherepakha
Researcher

Abstract

This report is based on data on the modus operandi and routes of traffickers and other actors involved in trafficking, and on trends in trafficking. The data have been collected in the three partner countries, Estonia, Finland and Latvia, as well as in Poland and Ukraine.
The information has been collected via desk review as well as through interviews and meetings with representatives of different key stakeholders, such as law enforcement, labour inspection authorities, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and trade unions – thank you for your time and expertise. Data from Estonia, Finland and Latvia were collected by the respective project partners, and data from Poland and Ukraine were collected by La Strada Poland, La Strada Ukraine and La Strada International. Each entity is responsible for their own work, including, e.g., data collection and reporting.
This report is an edited version that combines all the country-specific reports. Material from operational exchange visits to Poland and to Lithuania (the latter replacing the planned visit to Ukraine which was not possible due to the war) has also been used in the preparation of this report.

Report Type Research Report
Online Publication Date Aug 1, 2023
Publication Date Aug 1, 2023
Deposit Date Aug 16, 2023
Series Title HEUNI Report Series
Series Number 103a
Series ISSN 2814-9106
ISBN 978-952-7249-76-5
Keywords Human Rights, Migration, Human Trafficking, Ukraine, Crime Prevention
Publisher URL https://heuni.fi/-/report-series-103-patterns-of-exploitation-elect-thb#67d9ad37