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Financial anatomy of E4 Helsinki-Lahti shadow toll PPP-project (2013)
Journal Article
LeviƤkangas, P., Wigan, M., & Haapasalo, H. J. O. (2013). Financial anatomy of E4 Helsinki-Lahti shadow toll PPP-project. Built Environment Project and Asset Management, 3, 165-180. https://doi.org/10.1108/BEPAM-04-2012-0017

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the returns to the investors and the state in private finance of road infrastructure. It uses an empirical case of the E4 Helsinki-Lahti road, which was built in 1995-1999 in Finland as the first... Read More about Financial anatomy of E4 Helsinki-Lahti shadow toll PPP-project.

Economic evaluation of road investment proposals: valuing travel time savings for freight. (2003)
Report
Fuller, T. N., Rockcliffe, N., Wigan, M., Tsolakis, D., & Thoresen, T. (2003). Economic evaluation of road investment proposals: valuing travel time savings for freight

Faster more reliable freight movements make up a substantial proportion of the economic benefits generated by road and transport investment. However techniques for assessing and valuing the freight component of this economic benefit have been rathe... Read More about Economic evaluation of road investment proposals: valuing travel time savings for freight..