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The Acceptability of post-stroke cognitive testing through the lens of the theory of acceptability, a qualitative study (2023)
Journal Article
McMahon, D., Dixon, D., Quinn, T., & Gallacher, K. I. (2024). The Acceptability of post-stroke cognitive testing through the lens of the theory of acceptability, a qualitative study. Cerebral Circulation - Cognition and Behavior, 6, Article 100197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cccb.2023.100197

Background Cognitive impairment is common after stroke and screening is recommended. However, there is a lack of evidence on the best way to assess cognition after stroke and a tendency to focus on the clinician rather than stroke... Read More about The Acceptability of post-stroke cognitive testing through the lens of the theory of acceptability, a qualitative study.

“Like fighting a fire with a water pistol”: A qualitative study of the work experiences of critical care nurses during the COVID‐19 pandemic (2023)
Journal Article
Miller, J., Young, B., Mccallum, L., Rattray, J., Ramsay, P., Salisbury, L., …Dixon, D. (2024). “Like fighting a fire with a water pistol”: A qualitative study of the work experiences of critical care nurses during the COVID‐19 pandemic. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 80(1), 237-251. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.15773

Aim To understand the experience of critical care nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic, through the application of the Job-Demand-Resource model of occupational stress. Design Qualitative interview study. Methods Twenty-eight critical care nu... Read More about “Like fighting a fire with a water pistol”: A qualitative study of the work experiences of critical care nurses during the COVID‐19 pandemic.

Habits and Reflective Processes in COVID-19 Transmission-reducing Behaviors: Examining Theoretical Predictions in a Representative Sample of the Population of Scotland (2023)
Journal Article
den Daas, C., Dixon, D., Hubbard, G., Allan, J., & Johnston, M. (2023). Habits and Reflective Processes in COVID-19 Transmission-reducing Behaviors: Examining Theoretical Predictions in a Representative Sample of the Population of Scotland. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 57(11), 910–920. https://doi.org/10.1093/abm/kaad025

Background Based on theory, COVID-19 transmission-reducing behaviors (TRBs) should become habitual because of their frequent performance. Habits have been hypothesized to develop through reflective processes and, to act in conjunction with them.... Read More about Habits and Reflective Processes in COVID-19 Transmission-reducing Behaviors: Examining Theoretical Predictions in a Representative Sample of the Population of Scotland.

Behavioural Sciences Contribution to Suppressing Transmission of Covid-19 in the UK: A Systematic Literature Review (2023)
Journal Article
Hubbard, G., Daas, C. D., Johnston, M., Dunsmore, J., Maier, M., Polson, R., & Dixon, D. (2024). Behavioural Sciences Contribution to Suppressing Transmission of Covid-19 in the UK: A Systematic Literature Review. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 31, 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-023-10171-4

Background: Governments have relied on their citizens to adhere to a variety of transmission-reducing behaviours (TRBs) to suppress the Covid-19 pandemic. Understanding the psychological and sociodemographic predictors of adherence to TRBs will be he... Read More about Behavioural Sciences Contribution to Suppressing Transmission of Covid-19 in the UK: A Systematic Literature Review.

Development of transmission-reducing behaviour adherence measure (TRAM) for monitoring and predicting transmission-reducing behaviours during the pandemic (2022)
Journal Article
den Daas, C., Johnston, M., Hubbard, G., & Dixon, D. (2023). Development of transmission-reducing behaviour adherence measure (TRAM) for monitoring and predicting transmission-reducing behaviours during the pandemic. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 28(7), 1671-1681. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2022.2136391

There is a need for a measure to monitor adherence to transmission-reducing behaviours (TRBs) during pandemics. An adherence measure can monitor current TRBs, assess change over time and, potentially, predict later behaviours. The TRB adherence measu... Read More about Development of transmission-reducing behaviour adherence measure (TRAM) for monitoring and predicting transmission-reducing behaviours during the pandemic.

Using behavioural theory to understand adherence to behaviours that reduce transmission of COVID‐19; evidence from the CHARIS representative national study (2021)
Journal Article
Dixon, D., Den Daas, C., Hubbard, G., & Johnston, M. (2022). Using behavioural theory to understand adherence to behaviours that reduce transmission of COVID‐19; evidence from the CHARIS representative national study. British Journal of Health Psychology, 27(1), 116-135. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12533

Objectives To examine the ability of four models of behaviour, namely, Protection Motivation Theory (PMT), the Common Sense Self-Regulation Model (CS-SRM), and Social Cognitive Theory and the Reasoned Action Approach (SCT and RAA) to understand adhe... Read More about Using behavioural theory to understand adherence to behaviours that reduce transmission of COVID‐19; evidence from the CHARIS representative national study.

The impact of medication side effects on adherence and persistence to hormone therapy in breast cancer survivors: A qualitative systematic review and thematic synthesis (2021)
Journal Article
Peddie, N., Agnew, S., Crawford, M., Dixon, D., MacPherson, I., & Fleming, L. (2021). The impact of medication side effects on adherence and persistence to hormone therapy in breast cancer survivors: A qualitative systematic review and thematic synthesis. The Breast, 58, 147-159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.breast.2021.05.005

Background Hormone Therapy (HT) reduces the risk of breast cancer recurrence and mortality in women with breast cancer. Despite these clinical benefits, rates of HT non-adherence and non-persistence are high. Research suggests this may be due to the... Read More about The impact of medication side effects on adherence and persistence to hormone therapy in breast cancer survivors: A qualitative systematic review and thematic synthesis.

Are Rurality, Area Deprivation, Access to Outside Space, and Green Space Associated with Mental Health during the COVID-19 Pandemic? A Cross Sectional Study (CHARIS-E) (2021)
Journal Article
Hubbard, G., Den Daas, C., Johnston, M., Murchie, P., Thompson, C. W., & Dixon, D. (2021). Are Rurality, Area Deprivation, Access to Outside Space, and Green Space Associated with Mental Health during the COVID-19 Pandemic? A Cross Sectional Study (CHARIS-E). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(8), Article 3869. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083869

The study investigated if rurality, area deprivation, access to outside space (Study 1), and frequency of visiting and duration in green space (Study 2) are associated with mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic and examined if individual demogra... Read More about Are Rurality, Area Deprivation, Access to Outside Space, and Green Space Associated with Mental Health during the COVID-19 Pandemic? A Cross Sectional Study (CHARIS-E).

Sociodemographic and Psychological Risk Factors for Anxiety and Depression: Findings from the Covid-19 Health and Adherence Research in Scotland on Mental Health (CHARIS-MH) Cross-sectional Survey (2021)
Journal Article
Hubbard, G., den Daas, C., Johnston, M., & Dixon, D. (2021). Sociodemographic and Psychological Risk Factors for Anxiety and Depression: Findings from the Covid-19 Health and Adherence Research in Scotland on Mental Health (CHARIS-MH) Cross-sectional Survey. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 28(6), 788-800. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-021-09967-z

Background Investigations about mental health report prevalence rates with fewer studies investigating psychological and social factors influencing mental health during the Covid-19 pandemic. Study aims: (1) identify sociodemographic groups of the a... Read More about Sociodemographic and Psychological Risk Factors for Anxiety and Depression: Findings from the Covid-19 Health and Adherence Research in Scotland on Mental Health (CHARIS-MH) Cross-sectional Survey.

Protocol of the COVID-19 Health and Adherence Research in Scotland (CHARIS) study: understanding changes in adherence to transmission-reducing behaviours, mental and general health, in repeated cross-sectional representative survey of the Scottish population (2021)
Journal Article
Den Daas, C., Hubbard, G., Johnston, M., Dixon, D., & The CHARIS Consortium. (2021). Protocol of the COVID-19 Health and Adherence Research in Scotland (CHARIS) study: understanding changes in adherence to transmission-reducing behaviours, mental and general health, in repeated cross-sectional representative survey of the Scottish population. BMJ Open, 11(2), Article e044135. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-044135

Introduction: COVID-19 has unprecedented consequences on population health, with governments worldwide issuing stringent public health directives. In the absence of a vaccine, a key way to control the pandemic is through behavioural change: people ad... Read More about Protocol of the COVID-19 Health and Adherence Research in Scotland (CHARIS) study: understanding changes in adherence to transmission-reducing behaviours, mental and general health, in repeated cross-sectional representative survey of the Scottish population.

MAP: A mnemonic for mapping BCTs to three routes to behaviour change (2020)
Journal Article
Dixon, D., & Johnston, M. (2020). MAP: A mnemonic for mapping BCTs to three routes to behaviour change. British Journal of Health Psychology, 25(4), 1086-1101. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12458

Objective Over 90 behaviour change techniques (BCTs) have been specified but there is limited guidance to assist non-specialist practitioners in the choice of which BCTs to select for use with clients. This paper describes the development of MAP, a... Read More about MAP: A mnemonic for mapping BCTs to three routes to behaviour change.

What Competences Are Required to Deliver Person-Person Behaviour Change Interventions: Development of a Health Behaviour Change Competency Framework (2020)
Journal Article
Dixon, D., & Johnston, M. (2021). What Competences Are Required to Deliver Person-Person Behaviour Change Interventions: Development of a Health Behaviour Change Competency Framework. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 28(3), 308-317. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-020-09920-6

Background The competence of the person delivering person-to-person behaviour change interventions may influence the effectiveness of the intervention. However, we lack a framework for describing the range of competences involved. The objective of t... Read More about What Competences Are Required to Deliver Person-Person Behaviour Change Interventions: Development of a Health Behaviour Change Competency Framework.

Testing the integration of ICF and behavioral models of disability in orthopedic patients: Replication and extension (2012)
Journal Article
Quinn, F., Johnston, M., Dixon, D., Johnston, D. W., Pollard, B., & Rowley, D. I. (2012). Testing the integration of ICF and behavioral models of disability in orthopedic patients: Replication and extension. Rehabilitation Psychology, 57(2), 167-177. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0028083

Objective: Disability from chronic illness is a major problem for society, yet the study of its determinants lacks an overall theoretical paradigm. Johnston (1996) has proposed conceptualizing disability as behavior and integrating biomedical and beh... Read More about Testing the integration of ICF and behavioral models of disability in orthopedic patients: Replication and extension.

The structure and temporal stability of the Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale (2009)
Journal Article
O'Connor, R. C., Dixon, D., & Rasmussen, S. (2009). The structure and temporal stability of the Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale. Psychological Assessment, 21(3), 437-443. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0016264

In this study, the authors examined the factor structure and temporal stability of the Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale (CAPS; G. L. Flett, P. L. Hewitt, D. J. Boucher, L. A. Davidson, & Y. Munro, 1997) in 2 samples of adolescents (15–16 year... Read More about The structure and temporal stability of the Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale.