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Scalable Multi-domain Trust Infrastructures for Segmented Networks (2023)
Conference Proceeding
Grierson, S., Ghaleb, B., Buchanan, W. J., Thomson, C., Maglaras, L., & Eckl, C. (in press). Scalable Multi-domain Trust Infrastructures for Segmented Networks.

Within a trust infrastructure, a private key is often used to digitally sign a transaction, which can be verified with an associated public key. Using PKI (Public Key Infrastructure), a trusted entity can produce a digital signature, verifying the au... Read More about Scalable Multi-domain Trust Infrastructures for Segmented Networks.

Enhancing Mac OS Malware Detection through Machine Learning and Mach-O File Analysis (2023)
Conference Proceeding
Thaeler, A., Yigit, Y., Maglaras, L. A., Buchanan, B., Moradpoor, N., & Russell, G. (in press). Enhancing Mac OS Malware Detection through Machine Learning and Mach-O File Analysis. In 2023 IEEE 28th International Workshop on Computer Aided Modeling and Design of Communication Links and Networks (CAMAD)

Start thinking in graphs: using graphs to address critical attack paths in a Microsoft cloud tenant (2023)
Journal Article
Elmiger, M., Lemoudden, M., Pitropakis, N., & Buchanan, W. J. (in press). Start thinking in graphs: using graphs to address critical attack paths in a Microsoft cloud tenant. International Journal of Information Security, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10207-023-00751-6

The challenge of securing IT environments has reached a new complexity level as a growing number of organisations adopt cloud solutions. This trend increases the possibility of overseen attack paths in an organisation's IT infrastructure. This paper... Read More about Start thinking in graphs: using graphs to address critical attack paths in a Microsoft cloud tenant.

TouchEnc: a Novel Behavioural Encoding Technique to Enable Computer Vision for Continuous Smartphone User Authentication (2023)
Conference Proceeding
Aaby, P., Giuffrida, M. V., Buchanan, W. J., & Tan, Z. (in press). TouchEnc: a Novel Behavioural Encoding Technique to Enable Computer Vision for Continuous Smartphone User Authentication.

We are increasingly required to prove our identity when using smartphones through explicit authentication processes such as passwords or physiological biometrics, e.g., authorising online banking transactions or unlocking smartphones. However, these... Read More about TouchEnc: a Novel Behavioural Encoding Technique to Enable Computer Vision for Continuous Smartphone User Authentication.

TRUSTEE: Towards the creation of secure, trustworthy and privacy-preserving framework (2023)
Conference Proceeding
Sayeed, S., Pitropakis, N., Buchanan, W. J., Markakis, E., Papatsaroucha, D., & Politis, I. (2023). TRUSTEE: Towards the creation of secure, trustworthy and privacy-preserving framework. In ARES '23: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security. https://doi.org/10.1145/3600160.3604997

Digital transformation is a method where new technologies replace the old to meet essential organisational requirements and enhance the end-user experience. Technological transformation often improvises the manner in which a facility or resources are... Read More about TRUSTEE: Towards the creation of secure, trustworthy and privacy-preserving framework.

Majority Voting Ransomware Detection System (2023)
Journal Article
Davies, S. R., Macfarlane, R., & Buchanan, W. J. (2023). Majority Voting Ransomware Detection System. Journal of Information Security, 14(4), 264-293. https://doi.org/10.4236/jis.2023.144016

Crypto-ransomware remains a significant threat to governments and companies alike, with high-profile cyber security incidents regularly making headlines. Many different detection systems have been proposed as solutions to the ever-changing dynamic la... Read More about Majority Voting Ransomware Detection System.

Hamming Distributions of Popular Perceptual Hashing Techniques (2023)
Journal Article
McKeown, S., & Buchanan, W. J. (2023). Hamming Distributions of Popular Perceptual Hashing Techniques. Forensic Science International: Digital Investigation, 44(Supplement), Article 301509. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsidi.2023.301509

Content-based file matching has been widely deployed for decades, largely for the detection of sources of copyright infringement, extremist materials, and abusive sexual media. Perceptual hashes, such as Microsoft's PhotoDNA, are one automated mechan... Read More about Hamming Distributions of Popular Perceptual Hashing Techniques.

A DNA Based Colour Image Encryption Scheme Using A Convolutional Autoencoder (2023)
Journal Article
Ahmed, F., Rehman, M. U., Ahmad, J., Khan, M. S., Boulila, W., Srivastava, G., …Buchanan, W. J. (2023). A DNA Based Colour Image Encryption Scheme Using A Convolutional Autoencoder. ACM transactions on multimedia computing communications and applications, 19(3s), Article 128. https://doi.org/10.1145/3570165

With the advancement in technology, digital images can easily be transmitted and stored over the Internet. Encryption is used to avoid illegal interception of digital images. Encrypting large-sized colour images in their original dimension generally... Read More about A DNA Based Colour Image Encryption Scheme Using A Convolutional Autoencoder.

An omnidirectional approach to touch-based continuous authentication (2023)
Journal Article
Aaby, P., Giuffrida, M. V., Buchanan, W. J., & Tan, Z. (2023). An omnidirectional approach to touch-based continuous authentication. Computers and Security, 128, Article 103146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cose.2023.103146

This paper focuses on how touch interactions on smartphones can provide a continuous user authentication service through behaviour captured by a touchscreen. While efforts are made to advance touch-based behavioural authentication, researchers often... Read More about An omnidirectional approach to touch-based continuous authentication.

Attacking Windows Hello for Business: Is It What We Were Promised? (2023)
Journal Article
Haddad, J., Pitropakis, N., Chrysoulas, C., Lemoudden, M., & Buchanan, W. J. (2023). Attacking Windows Hello for Business: Is It What We Were Promised?. Cryptography, 7(1), Article 9. https://doi.org/10.3390/cryptography7010009

Traditional password authentication methods have raised many issues in the past, including insecure practices, so it comes as no surprise that the evolution of authentication should arrive in the form of password-less solutions. This research aims to... Read More about Attacking Windows Hello for Business: Is It What We Were Promised?.

An Overview of Blockchain-Based IoT Architectures and Designs (2023)
Conference Proceeding
Abubakar, M., Ali, H., Ghaleb, B., Wadhaj, I., & Buchanan, W. J. (2023). An Overview of Blockchain-Based IoT Architectures and Designs. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Intelligent Systems: ICETIS 2022 Volume 1 (596-605). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-25274-7_52

In recent years there has been an increased interest in the internet of things and blockchain in both industry and academia. The blockchain is quickly becoming an important technology that will fundamentally alter the method in which people exchange... Read More about An Overview of Blockchain-Based IoT Architectures and Designs.

Towards The Creation Of The Future Fish Farm (2023)
Journal Article
Papadopoulos, P., Buchanan, W. J., Sayeed, S., & Pitropakis, N. (2023). Towards The Creation Of The Future Fish Farm. Journal of Surveillance, Security and Safety, 4, 1-3. https://doi.org/10.20517/jsss.2022.16

Aim: A fish farm is an area where fish raise and bred for food. Fish farm environments support the care and management of seafood within a controlled environment. Over the past few decades, there has been a remarkable increase in the calorie intake o... Read More about Towards The Creation Of The Future Fish Farm.

Post Quantum Cryptography Analysis of TLS Tunneling on a Constrained Device (2022)
Conference Proceeding
Barton, J., Pitropakis, N., Buchanan, W., Sayeed, S., & Abramson, W. (2022). Post Quantum Cryptography Analysis of TLS Tunneling on a Constrained Device. In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Information Systems Security and Privacy - ICISSP (551-561). https://doi.org/10.5220/0010903000003120

Advances in quantum computing make Shor’s algorithm for factorising numbers ever more tractable. This threatens the security of any cryptographic system which often relies on the difficulty of factorisation. It also threatens methods based on discret... Read More about Post Quantum Cryptography Analysis of TLS Tunneling on a Constrained Device.

Using Social Media & Sentiment Analysis to Make Investment Decisions (2022)
Journal Article
Hasselgren, B., Chrysoulas, C., Pitropakis, N., & Buchanan, W. J. (2023). Using Social Media & Sentiment Analysis to Make Investment Decisions. Future Internet, 15(1), Article 5. https://doi.org/10.3390/fi15010005

Making investment decisions by utilizing sentiment data from social media (SM) is starting to become a more tangible concept. There has been a broad investigation into this field of study over the last decade, and many of the findings have promising... Read More about Using Social Media & Sentiment Analysis to Make Investment Decisions.

A framework for live host-based Bitcoin wallet forensics and triage (2022)
Journal Article
Holmes, A., & Buchanan, W. J. (2023). A framework for live host-based Bitcoin wallet forensics and triage. Forensic Science International: Digital Investigation, 44, Article 301486. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsidi.2022.301486

Organised crime and cybercriminals use Bitcoin, a popular cryptocurrency, to launder money and move it across borders with impunity. The UK and other countries have legislation to recover the proceeds of crime from criminals. Recent UK case law has r... Read More about A framework for live host-based Bitcoin wallet forensics and triage.

Comparison of Entropy Calculation Methods for Ransomware Encrypted File Identification (2022)
Journal Article
Davies, S. R., Macfarlane, R., & Buchanan, W. J. (2022). Comparison of Entropy Calculation Methods for Ransomware Encrypted File Identification. Entropy, 24(10), Article 1503. https://doi.org/10.3390/e24101503

Ransomware is a malicious class of software that utilises encryption to implement an attack on system availability. The target’s data remains encrypted and is held captive by the attacker until a ransom demand is met. A common approach used by many c... Read More about Comparison of Entropy Calculation Methods for Ransomware Encrypted File Identification.

Trusted Threat Intelligence Sharing in Practice and Performance Benchmarking through the Hyperledger Fabric Platform (2022)
Journal Article
Ali, H., Ahmad, J., Jaroucheh, Z., Papadopoulos, P., Pitropakis, N., Lo, O., …Buchanan, W. J. (2022). Trusted Threat Intelligence Sharing in Practice and Performance Benchmarking through the Hyperledger Fabric Platform. Entropy, 24(10), Article 1379. https://doi.org/10.3390/e24101379

Historically, threat information sharing has relied on manual modelling and centralised network systems, which can be inefficient, insecure, and prone to errors. Alternatively, private blockchains are now widely used to address these issues and impro... Read More about Trusted Threat Intelligence Sharing in Practice and Performance Benchmarking through the Hyperledger Fabric Platform.

Electromagnetic Side-Channel Attack Resilience against PRESENT Lightweight Block Cipher (2022)
Conference Proceeding
Gunathilake, N. A., Al-Dubai, A., Buchanan, W. J., & Lo, O. (2022). Electromagnetic Side-Channel Attack Resilience against PRESENT Lightweight Block Cipher. In 2022 6th International Conference on Cryptography, Security and Privacy (CSP). https://doi.org/10.1109/CSP55486.2022.00018

Lightweight cryptography is a novel diversion from conventional cryptography that targets internet-of-things (IoT) platform due to resource constraints. In comparison, it offers smaller cryptographic primitives such as shorter key sizes, block sizes... Read More about Electromagnetic Side-Channel Attack Resilience against PRESENT Lightweight Block Cipher.

A comprehensive survey of authentication methods in Internet-of-Things and its conjunctions (2022)
Journal Article
Kumar, A., Saha, R., Conti, M., Kumar, G., Buchanan, W. J., & Kim, T. H. (2022). A comprehensive survey of authentication methods in Internet-of-Things and its conjunctions. Journal of Network and Computer Applications, 204, Article 103414. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnca.2022.103414

Internet of Thing (IoT) is one of the most influential technologies in the present time. People, processes, and things are connected with the Internet through IoT. With the increasing demands of user applications, the number of connections is also in... Read More about A comprehensive survey of authentication methods in Internet-of-Things and its conjunctions.

A New Multistage Encryption Scheme Using Linear Feedback Register and Chaos-Based Quantum Map (2022)
Journal Article
Alharbi, A. R., Ahmad, J., Arshad, Shaukat, S., Masood, F., Ghadi, Y. Y., …Buchanan, W. J. (2022). A New Multistage Encryption Scheme Using Linear Feedback Register and Chaos-Based Quantum Map. Complexity, 2022, Article 7047282. https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/7047282

With the increasing volume of data transmission through insecure communication channels, big data security has become one of the important concerns in the cybersecurity domain. To address these concerns and keep data safe, a robust privacy-preserving... Read More about A New Multistage Encryption Scheme Using Linear Feedback Register and Chaos-Based Quantum Map.