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All Outputs (293)

Developing Cyber Buffer Zones (2020)
Book Chapter
Robinson, M., Jones, K., Janicke, H., & Maglaras, L. (2020). Developing Cyber Buffer Zones. In M. Khosrow-Pour (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Criminal Activities and the Deep Web (287-303). IGI Global. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-9715-5.ch019

Cyber peacekeeping is a new and novel field of research that focuses on the ways that nations and society can restore peace and security in the aftermath of cyber warfare. In this article, the authors make an original contribution to the field by dev... Read More about Developing Cyber Buffer Zones.

Cyber Threats in the Healthcare Sector and Countermeasures (2020)
Book Chapter
Ahmed, M. M., Maglaras, L., & Ferrag, M. A. (2020). Cyber Threats in the Healthcare Sector and Countermeasures. In A. Masouras, G. Maris, & A. Kavoura (Eds.), Entrepreneurial Development and Innovation in Family Businesses and SMEs (109-124). IGI Global. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-7998-3648-3.ch007

Healthcare is one of the most targeted industries by cybercriminals. The healthcare sector is far behind in cybersecurity as compared to other organizations. The vulnerabilities in the system open the door for cybercriminals to exploit it and get una... Read More about Cyber Threats in the Healthcare Sector and Countermeasures.

The Cost Perspective of Password Security (2020)
Book Chapter
Maglaras, L., Janicke, H., & Ferrag, M. A. (2020). The Cost Perspective of Password Security. In B. B. Gupta, & D. Gupta (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Multimedia Cyber Security (319-330). IGI Global. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-7998-2701-6.ch017

This study technically analyses the maximum number of combinations for common passwords up to 12 characters long. A maximum storage size necessary for the creation of a data base that holds all possible passwords up to 12 characters is also presented... Read More about The Cost Perspective of Password Security.

Privacy Preserving Demand Forecasting to Encourage Consumer Acceptance of Smart Energy Meters (2020)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Briggs, C., Fan, Z., & Andras, P. (2020). Privacy Preserving Demand Forecasting to Encourage Consumer Acceptance of Smart Energy Meters. In NeurIPS 2020 Workshop: Tackling Climate Change with Machine Learning

In this proposal paper we highlight the need for privacy preserving energy demand forecasting to allay a major concern consumers have about smart meter installations. High resolution smart meter data can expose many private aspects of a consumer’s ho... Read More about Privacy Preserving Demand Forecasting to Encourage Consumer Acceptance of Smart Energy Meters.

Ontology-based Course Teacher Assignment within Universities (2020)
Journal Article
Ashour, G., Al-Dubai, A., & Romdhani, I. (2020). Ontology-based Course Teacher Assignment within Universities. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 11(7), https://doi.org/10.14569/ijacsa.2020.0110787

Educational institutions suffer from the enormous amount of data that keeps growing continuously. These data are usually scattered and unorganised, and it comes from different resources with different formats. Besides, modernization vision within the... Read More about Ontology-based Course Teacher Assignment within Universities.

The Effects of UTAUT and Usability Qualities on Students’ Use of Learning Management Systems in Saudi Tertiary Education (2020)
Journal Article
Alshehri, A., J Rutter, M., & Smith, S. (2020). The Effects of UTAUT and Usability Qualities on Students’ Use of Learning Management Systems in Saudi Tertiary Education. Journal of Information Technology Education, 19, 891-930. https://doi.org/10.28945/4659

Aim/Purpose This study proposes a theoretical framework that amalgamates Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) variables with usability metrics to investigate the impact on students’ intention and use of the Learning Management... Read More about The Effects of UTAUT and Usability Qualities on Students’ Use of Learning Management Systems in Saudi Tertiary Education.

Novel Online Sequential Learning-Based Adaptive Routing for Edge Software-Defined Vehicular Networks (2020)
Journal Article
Zhao, L., Zhao, W., Hawbani, A., Al-Dubai, A. Y., Min, G., Zomaya, A., & Gong, C. (2021). Novel Online Sequential Learning-Based Adaptive Routing for Edge Software-Defined Vehicular Networks. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 20(5), 2991-3004. https://doi.org/10.1109/twc.2020.3046275

To provide efficient networking services at the edge of Internet-of-Vehicles (IoV), Software-Defined Vehicular Network (SDVN) has been a promising technology to enable intelligent data exchange without giving additional duties to the resource constra... Read More about Novel Online Sequential Learning-Based Adaptive Routing for Edge Software-Defined Vehicular Networks.

Generating Unambiguous and Diverse Referring Expressions   (2020)
Journal Article
Panagiaris, N., Hart, E., & Gkatzia, D. (2021). Generating Unambiguous and Diverse Referring Expressions  . Computer Speech and Language, 68, Article 101184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csl.2020.101184

Neural Referring Expression Generation (REG) models have shown promising results in generating expressions which uniquely describe visual objects. However, current REG models still lack the ability to produce diverse and unambiguous referring express... Read More about Generating Unambiguous and Diverse Referring Expressions  .

Hardware Design for Autonomous Robot Evolution (2020)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Hale, M. F., Angus, M., Buchanan, E., Li, W., Woolley, R., Le Goff, L. K., De Carlo, M., Timmis, J., Winfield, A. F., Hart, E., Eiben, A. E., & Tyrrell, A. M. (2020, December). Hardware Design for Autonomous Robot Evolution. Presented at International Conference on Evolvable Hardware, Canberra Australia

The long term goal of the Autonomous Robot Evolution (ARE) project is to create populations of physical robots, in which both the controllers and body plans are evolved. The transition for evolutionary designs from purely simulation environments into... Read More about Hardware Design for Autonomous Robot Evolution.

Evolution of Diverse, Manufacturable Robot Body Plans (2020)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Buchanan, E., Le Goff, L., Hart, E., Eiben, A. E., De Carlo, M., Li, W., Hale, M. F., Angus, M., Woolley, R., Winfield, A. F., Timmis, J., & Tyrrell, A. M. (2020, December). Evolution of Diverse, Manufacturable Robot Body Plans. Presented at International Conference on Evolvable Systems (ICES), Canberra, Australia

Advances in rapid prototyping have opened up new avenues of research within Evolutionary Robotics in which not only controllers but also the body plans (morphologies) of robots can evolve in real-time and real-space. However, this also introduces new... Read More about Evolution of Diverse, Manufacturable Robot Body Plans.

PoNW: A Secure and Scalable Proof-of-Notarized-Work-Based Consensus Mechanism (2020)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Abubakar, M. A., Jaroucheh, Z., Al-Dubai, A., & Buchanan, B. (2020, November). PoNW: A Secure and Scalable Proof-of-Notarized-Work-Based Consensus Mechanism. Presented at 4th International Conference on Vision, Image and Signal Processing, Newcastle, UK

The original consensus algorithm - Proof of Work (PoW) has been widely utilized in the blockchain systems and is been adopted by many cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin and Ethereum, among many others. Nevertheless, the concept has received criticisms... Read More about PoNW: A Secure and Scalable Proof-of-Notarized-Work-Based Consensus Mechanism.

Designing Blended Experiences: Laugh Traders Design Fiction (2020)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
O’Keefe, B., Flint, T., Mastermaker, M., Sturdee, M., Chirico, A., & Benyon, D. (2020, February). Designing Blended Experiences: Laugh Traders Design Fiction. Presented at 5th Annual Frameless XR Symposium 2020, Online

The increasing ubiquity of interactions that involve complementary digital content, physical objects, and spaces, brings about new challenges for designers. There is a need to embed designs in legacy systems, whether those are existing physical struc... Read More about Designing Blended Experiences: Laugh Traders Design Fiction.

Twenty Years of Confusion in Human Evaluation: NLG Needs Evaluation Sheets and Standardised Definition (2020)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Howcroft, D., Belz, A., Clinciu, M., Gkatzia, D., Hasan, S. A., Mahamood, S., Mille, S., van Miltenburg, E., Santhanam, S., & Rieser, V. (2020, December). Twenty Years of Confusion in Human Evaluation: NLG Needs Evaluation Sheets and Standardised Definition. Presented at International Conference on Natural Language Generation (INLG 2020), Dublin, Ireland

Human assessment remains the most trusted form of evaluation in NLG, but highly diverse approaches and a proliferation of different quality criteria used by researchers make it difficult to compare results and draw conclusions across papers, with adv... Read More about Twenty Years of Confusion in Human Evaluation: NLG Needs Evaluation Sheets and Standardised Definition.

Improving the Naturalness and Diversity of Referring Expression Generation models using Minimum Risk Training (2020)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Panagiaris, N., Hart, E., & Gkatzia, D. (2020, December). Improving the Naturalness and Diversity of Referring Expression Generation models using Minimum Risk Training. Presented at International Conference on Natural Language Generation (INLG 2020), Dublin, Ireland

In this paper we consider the problem of optimizing neural Referring Expression Generation (REG) models with sequence level objectives. Recently reinforcement learning (RL) techniques have been adopted to train deep end-to-end systems to directly opt... Read More about Improving the Naturalness and Diversity of Referring Expression Generation models using Minimum Risk Training.

Assisting Information Practice: From Information Intermediary To Social Proxy (2020)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Cruickshank, P., Webster, G., & Ryan, F. (2020, September). Assisting Information Practice: From Information Intermediary To Social Proxy. Presented at ISIC 2020 The Information Behaviour conference, Pretoria, South Africa

The increasing dependence on social media and other online systems as part of everyday life has grown considerably over the years. At the same time, the complexity and security of online systems has also been increasing, making it more challenging fo... Read More about Assisting Information Practice: From Information Intermediary To Social Proxy.

Towards a Definition of Metaskills (2020)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Stephen, K., Muir, L., & Hall, H. (2020, October). Towards a Definition of Metaskills. Presented at ISIC 2020: The Information Behaviour Conference, Pretoria, South Africa

Introduction: The term ‘metaskill’ has been used to mean a range of different types of information-based skill. This poster describes this variation in use across disciplines and industries, and two distinct but related definitions are found. Method... Read More about Towards a Definition of Metaskills.

Information Literacy as a joint competence shaped by everyday life and workplace roles amongst Scottish community councillors (2020)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Cruickshank, P., Hall, H., & Ryan, B. (2020, September). Information Literacy as a joint competence shaped by everyday life and workplace roles amongst Scottish community councillors. Presented at ISIC 2020 The Information Behaviour Conference, Pretoria University, Tshwane, Republic of South Africa

*Introduction: This paper addresses the information practices of hyperlocal democratic representatives, and their acquisition and application of information literacy skills. *Method: 1034 Scottish community councillors completed an online questio... Read More about Information Literacy as a joint competence shaped by everyday life and workplace roles amongst Scottish community councillors.

Investigating the ‘why’ rather than the ‘how’: current research priorities on the influence of culture on new-comer populations’ use of public libraries (2020)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Salzano, R., Hall, H., & Webster, G. (2020, September). Investigating the ‘why’ rather than the ‘how’: current research priorities on the influence of culture on new-comer populations’ use of public libraries. Presented at ISIC (Information Seeking In Context) 2020, Pretoria, South Africa

Introduction - Library researchers are often concerned with the factors that affect individual use of public library resources. To date, culture as a determinant of public library use has not been fully explored across all public library populations.... Read More about Investigating the ‘why’ rather than the ‘how’: current research priorities on the influence of culture on new-comer populations’ use of public libraries.