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All Outputs (31)

A Testing Methodology for the Internet of Things Affordable IP Cameras (2022)
Book Chapter
Dzwigala, G., Ghaleb, B., Aldhaheri, T. A., Wadhaj, I., Thomson, C., & Al-Zidi, N. M. (2022). A Testing Methodology for the Internet of Things Affordable IP Cameras. In H. Sharma, V. Shrivastava, K. Kumari Bharti, & L. Wang (Eds.), . Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-2130-8_37

IP cameras are becoming a cheaper and more convenient option for a lot of households, whether it being for outdoor, indoor security, or as baby or pet monitors. Their security, however, is often lacking, and there is currently no testbed that focuses... Read More about A Testing Methodology for the Internet of Things Affordable IP Cameras.

Sensitivity-Aware Configurations for High Packet Generation Rate LoRa Networks (2022)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Alahmadi, H., Bouabdallah, F., Ghaleb, B., & Al-Dubai, A. (2021, December). Sensitivity-Aware Configurations for High Packet Generation Rate LoRa Networks. Presented at 20th International Conference on Computer and Information Technology (CIT-2021), London

In this paper, we introduce Sensitivity-Aware LoRa Configuration (SAL), a new algorithm for efficient autonomous and distributed selection of LoRa physical layer transmission parameters. The aim is to address the limitations of the currently adopted... Read More about Sensitivity-Aware Configurations for High Packet Generation Rate LoRa Networks.

Dynamic S-Box and PWLCM-Based Robust Watermarking Scheme (2022)
Journal Article
Sher Khan, J., Koç Kayhan, S., Siddiq Ahmed, S., Ahmad, J., Ayesha Siddiqa, H., Ahmed, F., Ghaleb, B., & Al Dubai, A. (2022). Dynamic S-Box and PWLCM-Based Robust Watermarking Scheme. Wireless Personal Communications, 125, 513-530. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11277-022-09562-9

Due to the increased number of cyberattacks, numerous researchers are motivated towards the design of such schemes that can hide digital information in a signal. Watermarking is one of the promising technologies that can protect digital information.... Read More about Dynamic S-Box and PWLCM-Based Robust Watermarking Scheme.

A Novel Chaotic Permutation-Substitution Image Encryption Scheme Based on Logistic Map and Random Substitution (2022)
Journal Article
Arif, J., Khan, M. A., Ghaleb, B., Ahmad, J., Munir, A., Rashid, U., & Al-Dubai, A. Y. (2022). A Novel Chaotic Permutation-Substitution Image Encryption Scheme Based on Logistic Map and Random Substitution. IEEE Access, 10, 12966-12982. https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2022.3146792

Privacy is a serious concern related to sharing videos or images among people over the Internet. As a method to preserve images’ privacy, chaos-based image encryption algorithms have been used widely to fulfil such a requirement. However, these algor... Read More about A Novel Chaotic Permutation-Substitution Image Encryption Scheme Based on Logistic Map and Random Substitution.

Improved Group-Based Signaling Scheme for Mobile Nodes in the Internet of Things Networks (2021)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Ghaleb, S. M., Man, M., Ghaleb, B., Aplop, F., Ghaleb, M., & Al-Hadi, I. A. A. (2021, April). Improved Group-Based Signaling Scheme for Mobile Nodes in the Internet of Things Networks. Presented at ICETIS: International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Intelligent Systems, Online

One of the most important challenge in the mobility management protocols is maintaining the MN’s IP connectivity and its accessibility during its movement. Although mobility protocols have come a long way in solving this issue in IP-WSNs, they still... Read More about Improved Group-Based Signaling Scheme for Mobile Nodes in the Internet of Things Networks.

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) in Oil and Gas Industry: Applications, Requirements and Existing Solutions (2021)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Wadhaj, I., Ghaleb, B., & Thomson, C. (2021, June). Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) in Oil and Gas Industry: Applications, Requirements and Existing Solutions. Presented at International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Intelligent Systems (ICETIS 2021), Online

Effective measurement and monitoring of certain parameters (temperature, pressure, flow etc.) is crucial for the safety and optimization of processes in the Oil and Gas Industry. Wired sensors have been extensively utilized for this purpose but are c... Read More about Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) in Oil and Gas Industry: Applications, Requirements and Existing Solutions.

An RPL based Optimal Sensors placement in Pipeline Monitoring WSNs (2021)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Wadhaj, I., Thomson, C., & Ghaleb, B. (2021, June). An RPL based Optimal Sensors placement in Pipeline Monitoring WSNs. Presented at International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Intelligent Systems (ICETIS 2021), Online

Compared to an ordinary sensor network, Linear Sensor Networks (LSNs) has many applications in a number of areas such as surveillance and monitoring of international boundaries for illegal crossing, river environment monitoring and roads monitoring e... Read More about An RPL based Optimal Sensors placement in Pipeline Monitoring WSNs.

A Student Advising System Using Association Rule Mining (2021)
Journal Article
Shatnawi, R., Althebyan, Q., Ghaleb, B., & Al-Maolegi, M. (2021). A Student Advising System Using Association Rule Mining. International Journal of Web-Based Learning and Teaching Technologies, 16(3), 65-78. https://doi.org/10.4018/ijwltt.20210501.oa5

Academic advising is a time-consuming activity that takes a considerable effort in guiding students to improve student performance. Traditional advising systems depend greatly on the effort of the advisor to find the best selection of courses to impr... Read More about A Student Advising System Using Association Rule Mining.

A Comparative Performance Evaluation of A load-balancing Algorithm using Contiki: “RPL vs QU-RPL” (2020)
Journal Article
Stoyanov, S., Ghaleb, B., & Ghaleb, S. (2020). A Comparative Performance Evaluation of A load-balancing Algorithm using Contiki: “RPL vs QU-RPL”. International Journal of Advanced Trends in Computer Science and Engineering, 9(4), 6834-6839. https://doi.org/10.30534/ijatcse/2020/384942020

The RPL (Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Networks) has emerged within constrained networks as the de-facto IPv6 routing standard, which entangles many concepts that make it a complex, albeit a rather flexible protocol. However, load balancin... Read More about A Comparative Performance Evaluation of A load-balancing Algorithm using Contiki: “RPL vs QU-RPL”.

SklCoin: Toward a Scalable Proof-of-Stake and Collective Signature Based Consensus Protocol for Strong Consistency in Blockchain (2020)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Jaroucheh, Z., Ghaleb, B., & Buchanan, W. J. (2020). SklCoin: Toward a Scalable Proof-of-Stake and Collective Signature Based Consensus Protocol for Strong Consistency in Blockchain. . https://doi.org/10.1109/icsa-c50368.2020.00034

The proof-of-work consensus protocol suffers from two main limitations: waste of energy and offering only probabilistic guarantees about the status of the blockchain. This paper introduces SklCoin, a new Byzantine consensus protocol and its correspon... Read More about SklCoin: Toward a Scalable Proof-of-Stake and Collective Signature Based Consensus Protocol for Strong Consistency in Blockchain.

Mitigation Mechanisms Against the DAO Attack on the Routing Protocol for Low Power and Lossy Networks (RPL) (2020)
Journal Article
Wadhaj, I., Ghaleb, B., Thomson, C., Al-Dubai, A., & Buchanen, B. (2020). Mitigation Mechanisms Against the DAO Attack on the Routing Protocol for Low Power and Lossy Networks (RPL). IEEE Access, 8, 43665-43675. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2977476

Destination Advertisement Objects (DAOs) are sent upward by RPL nodes toward the DODAG root, to build the downward routing paths carrying traffic from the root to its associated nodes. This routing mechanism can be exploited by a malicious node perio... Read More about Mitigation Mechanisms Against the DAO Attack on the Routing Protocol for Low Power and Lossy Networks (RPL).

Efficient Routing Primitives for Low-power and Lossy Networks in Internet of Things (2019)
Thesis
Ghaleb, B. Efficient Routing Primitives for Low-power and Lossy Networks in Internet of Things. (Thesis). Edinburgh Napier University. http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/Output/2070542

At the heart of the Internet of Things (IoTs) are the Low-power and Lossy networks (LLNs), a collection of interconnected battery-operated and resource-constrained tiny devices that enable the realization of a wide range of applications in multiple d... Read More about Efficient Routing Primitives for Low-power and Lossy Networks in Internet of Things.

The RPL Load Balancing in IoT Network with Burst Traffic Scenarios (2019)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Altwassi, H. S., Pervez, Z., Dahal, K., & Ghaleb, B. (2018, December). The RPL Load Balancing in IoT Network with Burst Traffic Scenarios. Presented at 2018 12th International Conference on Software, Knowledge, Information Management & Applications (SKIMA), Phnom Penh, Cambodia

The RPL (Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Networks) has emerged within constrained networks as the de-facto IPv6 routing standard, which entangles many concepts that make it a complex, albeit a rather flexible protocol. However, load balancin... Read More about The RPL Load Balancing in IoT Network with Burst Traffic Scenarios.

A New Load-Balancing Aware Objective Function for RPL's IoT Networks (2019)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Ghaleb, B., Al-Dubai, A., Ekonomou, E., Gharib, W., Mackenzi, L., & Bani Khala, M. (2018, June). A New Load-Balancing Aware Objective Function for RPL's IoT Networks. Presented at 2018 IEEE 20th International Conference on High Performance Computing and Communications; IEEE 16th International Conference on Smart City; IEEE 4th International Conference on Data Science and Systems (HPCC/SmartCity/DSS), Exeter

The IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low-power and Lossy Networks (RPL) has been recently standardized as the de facto solution for routing in the context of the emerging Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm. RPL, along with other standards, has provided a bas... Read More about A New Load-Balancing Aware Objective Function for RPL's IoT Networks.

Addressing the DAO Insider Attack in RPL’s Internet of Things Networks (2018)
Journal Article
Ghaleb, B., Al-Dubai, A., Ekonomou, E., Qasem, M., Romdhani, I., & Mackenzie, L. (2019). Addressing the DAO Insider Attack in RPL’s Internet of Things Networks. IEEE Communications Letters, 23(1), 68-71. https://doi.org/10.1109/LCOMM.2018.2878151

In RPL routing protocol, the DAO (Destination Advertisement Object) control messages are announced by the child nodes to their parents to build downward routes. A malicious insider node can exploit this feature to send fake DAOs to its parents period... Read More about Addressing the DAO Insider Attack in RPL’s Internet of Things Networks.

A Survey of Limitations and Enhancements of the IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low-power and Lossy Networks: A Focus on Core Operations (2018)
Journal Article
Ghaleb, B., Al-Dubai, A. Y., Ekonomou, E., Alsarhan, A., Nasser, Y., Mackenzie, L. M., & Boukerche, A. (2019). A Survey of Limitations and Enhancements of the IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low-power and Lossy Networks: A Focus on Core Operations. Communications Surveys and Tutorials, IEEE Communications Society, 21(2), 1607-1635. https://doi.org/10.1109/COMST.2018.2874356

Driven by the special requirements of the Low-power and Lossy Networks (LLNs), the IPv6 Routing Protocol for LLNs (RPL) was standardized by the IETF some six years ago to tackle the routing issue in such networks. Since its introduction, however, num... Read More about A Survey of Limitations and Enhancements of the IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low-power and Lossy Networks: A Focus on Core Operations.

A Novel Adaptive and Efficient Routing Update Scheme for Low-Power Lossy Networks in IoT (2018)
Journal Article
Ghaleb, B., Al-Dubai, A., Ekonomou, E., Romdhani, I., Nasser, Y., & Boukerche, A. (2018). A Novel Adaptive and Efficient Routing Update Scheme for Low-Power Lossy Networks in IoT. IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 5(6), 12. https://doi.org/10.1109/JIOT.2018.2862364

In this paper, we introduce Drizzle, a new algorithm for maintaining routing information in the Low-power and Lossy Networks (LLNs). The aim is to address the limitations of the currently standardized routing maintenance (i.e. Trickle algorithm) in s... Read More about A Novel Adaptive and Efficient Routing Update Scheme for Low-Power Lossy Networks in IoT.

Drizzle Algorithm (2018)
Report
Ghaleb, B., Al-Dubai, A., Romdhani, I., & Qasem, M. (2018). Drizzle Algorithm. USA: IETF

Trickle algorithm used in RPL routing protocol suffers from some issues related to power, network convergence time and overhead and load-distribution. To optimize this algorithm for Low-power and Lossy Networks (LLNs), a new algorithm called Dr... Read More about Drizzle Algorithm.

Load Balancing Objective Function in RPL draft-qasem-roll-rpl-load-balancing-01 (2018)
Report
Qasem, M., Al-Dubai, A., Romdhani, I., & Ghaleb, B. (2018). Load Balancing Objective Function in RPL draft-qasem-roll-rpl-load-balancing-01. USA: IETF

This document proposes an extended Objective Function(OF) that balances the number of children nodes of the parent nodes to avoid the overloading problem and ensure node lifetime maximization in the IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Net... Read More about Load Balancing Objective Function in RPL draft-qasem-roll-rpl-load-balancing-01.

Leaf-based Routing Mechanism for Low-Power and Lossy Networks (2018)
Patent
Ghaleb, B., & Al-Dubai, A. (2018). Leaf-based Routing Mechanism for Low-Power and Lossy Networks. 1800668.4. Intellectual Property Office, UK

Unlike existing solutions, our invention provides a “Leaf-Based” mechanism for establishing the Downward routes in Low-Power and Lossy Networks (LLNs) that seeks to provide a novel, scalable and efficient routing solution for LLNs, which are the back... Read More about Leaf-based Routing Mechanism for Low-Power and Lossy Networks.