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Concessionary bus fares for older people in Scotland – are they achieving their objectives?

Rye, Tom; Mykura, William


Tom Rye

William Mykura


A concessionary fare (hereafter referred to as a “concession”) is offered to defined groups of people to travel at a reduced fare on public transport. This paper discusses concessions that are arranged by the government for social policy reasons, and the groups that are eligible include retired or older people, and disabled people. Such concessions are required of public transport operators by government and in Britain, operators (or, in London, Transport for London) are reimbursed for revenue lost and, in some cases also the additional costs incurred, as a result of carrying such passengers. This paper does not discuss commercially provided concessions (e.g. student reductions) offered by operators of their own volition to increase their revenue. In certain areas concessions are also provided at the behest of public authorities for those seeking employment, or for young people. However these concessions, too, are not dealt with in this paper as there is considerable local variation in their availability making consistent data hard to obtain....


Rye, T., & Mykura, W. (2009). Concessionary bus fares for older people in Scotland – are they achieving their objectives?. Journal of Transport Geography, 17(6), 451-456.

Journal Article Type Article
Online Publication Date Dec 12, 2008
Publication Date 2009-11
Deposit Date Aug 1, 2016
Journal Journal of Transport Geography
Print ISSN 0966-6923
Electronic ISSN 0966-6923
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 17
Issue 6
Pages 451-456
Keywords Concessionary, elderly, travel, social, Inclusion,
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