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Bioscouring of cotton fabrics using pectinase enzyme its optimization and comparison with conventional scouring process.

Rajendran, R; Sundaram, S Karthik; Radhai, R; Rajapriya, P

Authors

R Rajendran

R Radhai

P Rajapriya



Abstract

The conventional scouring process involving the harsh environment is slowly being replaced with environment friendly approach using enzymes. These enzymes remove the non cellulosic impurities present in the fabric. Such a process would enhance the absorbency of the fabric without appreciable strength loss and also would help in the proper dyeing and finishing of the fabric. In the present work pectinase enzyme was isolated from Fusarium sp. and was optimized under different cultural conditions. The partially purified pectinase enzyme was used in the scouring of cotton fabric. The efficiency of the bioscoured cotton fabric was compared with that of the conventionally scoured fabric. It was found that the water absorbing character of the bioscoured fabric was found to be considerably higher than that of the conventionally scoured fabric. Also, the tensile strength of the cotton fabric was found to be higher for the sample treated using pectinase enzyme than the sample treated conventionally. The results of FTIR confer that the pectin and wax impurities were removed from the cotton surface in both the conventionally scoured and bioscoured fabrics.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2011
Deposit Date Mar 14, 2023
Print ISSN 1028-8880
Publisher Asian Network for Scientific Information
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 14
Issue 9
Pages 519-525
DOI https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2011.519.525
Keywords bioscoured fabric, enzymatic bioscouring, FTIR, Fusarium sp, Pectinase