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Unhelmeted Riding, Drunk Riding, and Unlicensed Riding among Motorcyclists: A Population Study in Taiwan during 2011–2016

Liu, Yen-Hsiu; Wiratama, Bayu Satria; Chao, Chung-Jen; Wang, Ming-Heng; Chen, Rui-Sheng; Saleh, Wafaa; Pai, Chih-Wei

Authors

Yen-Hsiu Liu

Bayu Satria Wiratama

Chung-Jen Chao

Ming-Heng Wang

Rui-Sheng Chen

Chih-Wei Pai



Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the association between drunk riding, unhelmeted riding, unlicensed riding, and running-off-road (ROR) crashes. Multiple logistic regression was used to calculate the adjusted odds ratio (AOR) by using the National Taiwan Traffic Crash Dataset for 2011–2016. The results revealed that unhelmeted riding was associated with 138% (AOR = 2.38; CI (confidence interval) = 2.34–2.42) and 47% (AOR = 1.47; CI = 1.45–1.49) higher risks of drunk riding and unlicensed riding, respectively. The risk of unhelmeted riding increased with blood alcohol concentrations (BACs), and riders with the minimum BAC (0.031–0.05%) had nearly five times (AOR = 4.99; CI = 4.74–5.26) higher odds of unlicensed riding compared with those of riders with a negative BAC. Unhelmeted riding, drunk riding, and unlicensed riding were associated with 1.21 times (AOR = 1.21; CI = 1.13–1.30), 2.38 times (AOR = 2.38; CI = 2.20–2.57), and 1.13 times (AOR = 1.13; CI = 1.06–1.21) higher odds of ROR crashes, respectively. The three risky riding behaviours (i.e., unhelmeted riding, drunk riding, and unlicensed riding) were significantly related to ROR crashes. The risk of unhelmeted riding and ROR crashes increased with BACs.

Citation

Liu, Y., Wiratama, B. S., Chao, C., Wang, M., Chen, R., Saleh, W., & Pai, C. (2023). Unhelmeted Riding, Drunk Riding, and Unlicensed Riding among Motorcyclists: A Population Study in Taiwan during 2011–2016. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 20(2), Article 1412. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20021412

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 10, 2023
Online Publication Date Jan 12, 2023
Publication Date 2023
Deposit Date Feb 8, 2023
Publicly Available Date Feb 8, 2023
Journal International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 20
Issue 2
Article Number 1412
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20021412
Keywords unhelmeted riding, drunk riding, unlicensed riding, ROR crashes

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