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Programmable Beam-Steering Capabilities Based on Graphene Plasmonic THz MIMO Antenna via Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces (RIS) for IoT Applications

Khaleel, Sherif A.; Hamad, Ehab K. I.; Parchin, Naser Ojaroudi; Saleh, Mohamed B.


Sherif A. Khaleel

Ehab K. I. Hamad

Mohamed B. Saleh


The approaching sixth-generation (6G) communication network will modernize applications and satisfy user demands through implementing a smart and reconfigurable system with a higher data rate and wider bandwidth. The controllable THz waves are highly recommended for the instantaneous development the new technology in wireless communication systems. Recently, reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RIS), also called codded/tunable programmable metasurfaces, have enabled a conspicuous functionality for THz devices and components for influencing electromagnetic waves (EM) such as beam steering, multi-beam-scanning applications, polarization variation, and beam focusing applications. In this article, we proposed a graphene plasmonic two-port MIMO microstrip patch antenna structure that operates at a 1.9 THz resonance frequency. An E-shape MTM unit cell is introduced to enhance the isolation of the antenna from −35 dB to −54 dB. An implementation of controllable and reconfigurable surfaces based on graphene meta-atoms (G-RIS) placed above the radiating patches with a suitable separated distance to control the radiated beam to steer in different directions (±60°). The reconfigurable process is carried out via changing the (ON/OFF) meta-atoms states to get a specific code with a certain beam direction. The gain enhancement of the antenna can be implemented through an artificial magnetic conductor (AMC) based on graphene material. The G-AMC layer is located underneath the (MIMO antenna, G-RIS layer) to improve the gain from 4.5 dBi to 10 dBi. The suggested antenna structure results are validated with different techniques CST microwave studio and ADS equivalent circuit model. The results have asymptotic values. So, the proposed design of the MIMO antenna that is sandwiched between G-RIS and G-AMC is suitable for IoT applications.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 27, 2022
Online Publication Date Dec 29, 2022
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date Jan 9, 2023
Publicly Available Date Jan 9, 2023
Journal Electronics
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 1
Article Number 164
Keywords 6G communication, reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RIS), graphene meta-atoms (G-RIS), artificial magnetic conductor (AMC)
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