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Energy autonomous electronic skin



Ravinder Dahiya


Energy autonomy is key to the next generation portable and wearable systems for several applications. Among these, the electronic-skin or e-skin is currently a matter of intensive investigations due to its wider applicability in areas, ranging from robotics to digital health, fashion and internet of things (IoT). The high density of multiple types of electronic components (e.g. sensors, actuators, electronics, etc.) required in e-skin, and the need to power them without adding heavy batteries, have fuelled the development of compact flexible energy systems to realize self-powered or energy-autonomous e-skin. The compact and wearable energy systems consisting of energy harvesters, energy storage devices, low-power electronics and efficient/wireless power transfer-based technologies, are expected to revolutionize the market for wearable systems and in particular for e-skin. This paper reviews the development in the field of self-powered e-skin, particularly focussing on the available energy-harvesting technologies, high capacity energy storage devices, and high efficiency power transmission systems. The paper highlights the key challenges, critical design strategies, and most promising materials for the development of an energy-autonomous e-skin for robotics, prosthetics and wearable systems. This paper will complement other reviews on e-skin, which have focussed on the type of sensors and electronics components.


García Núñez, C., Manjakkal, L., & Dahiya, R. (2019). Energy autonomous electronic skin. npj Flexible Electronics, 3(1), Article 1.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 13, 2018
Online Publication Date Jan 4, 2019
Publication Date 2019
Deposit Date Jul 19, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jul 20, 2022
Journal npj Flexible Electronics
Print ISSN 2397-4621
Publisher Nature Research
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 3
Issue 1
Article Number 1
Keywords Electrical and electronic engineering, Energy harvesting, Materials for devices
Public URL


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