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State of Ireland's Mental Health: Findings from a nationally representative survey

Hyland, Philip; Valli�res, Fr�d�rique; Shevlin, Mark; Bentall, Richard P.; Butter, Sarah; Hartman, Todd K.; Karatzias, Thanos; Martinez, Anton P.; McBride, Orla; Murphy, Jamie; Fox, Robert

Authors

Philip Hyland

Fr�d�rique Valli�res

Mark Shevlin

Richard P. Bentall

Sarah Butter

Todd K. Hartman

Anton P. Martinez

Orla McBride

Jamie Murphy

Robert Fox



Abstract

Aims. Current information about the prevalence of various mental health disorders in the general adult population of the Republic of Ireland is lacking. In this study, we examined the prevalence of 12 common mental disorders, the proportion of adults who screened positive for any disorder, the sociodemographic factors associated with meeting criteria for a disorder, and the associations between each disorder and history of attempted suicide.
Methods. A non-probability nationally representative sample (N = 1,110) of adults living in Ireland completed self-report measures of 12 mental health disorders. Effects sizes were calculated using odds ratios from logistic regression models, and population attributable risk fractions (PAF) were estimated to quantify the associations between each disorder and attempted suicide.
Results. Prevalence rates ranged from 15.0% (Insomnia Disorder) to 1.7% (Histrionic Personality Disorder). Overall, 42.5% of the sample met criteria for a mental health disorder, and 11.1% had a lifetime history of attempted suicide. Younger age, being a shift worker, and trauma exposure were independently associated with a higher likelihood of having a mental health disorder, while being in university was associated with a lower likelihood of having a disorder. ICD-11 Complex PTSD, Borderline Personality Disorder, and Insomnia Disorder had the highest PAFs for attempted suicide.
Conclusions. Mental health disorder prevalence in Ireland is relatively high compared to international estimates. The findings are discussed in relation to important mental health policy implications.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 26, 2022
Online Publication Date Jul 1, 2022
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date May 30, 2022
Publicly Available Date May 30, 2022
Print ISSN 2045-7960
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 31
Article Number e47
DOI https://doi.org/10.1017/S2045796022000312
Keywords Mental health; suicide; comorbidity; prevalence; Ireland
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/Output/2875127

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