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A Novel p53 Phosphorylation Site within the MDM2 Ubiquitination Signal: I. PHOSPHORYLATION AT SER269 IN VIVO IS LINKED TO INACTIVATION OF p53 FUNCTION.

Fraser, Jennifer A; Vojtesek, Borivoj; Hupp, Tedd R

Authors

Jennifer A Fraser

Borivoj Vojtesek

Tedd R Hupp



Abstract

p53 is a thermodynamically unstable protein containing a conformationally flexible multiprotein docking site within the DNA-binding domain. A combinatorial peptide chip used to identify the novel kinase consensus site RXSΦ(K/D) led to the discovery of a homologous phosphorylation site in the S10 β-strand of p53 at Ser269. Overlapping peptide libraries confirmed that Ser269 was a phosphoacceptor site in vitro, and immunochemical approaches evaluated whether p53 is phosphorylated in vivo at Ser269. Mutation or phosphorylation of p53 at Ser269 attenuates binding of the p53-specific monoclonal antibody DO-12, identifying an assay for measuring Ser269 phosphorylation of p53 in vivo. The mAb DO-12 epitope of p53 is masked via phosphorylation in a range of human tumor cells with WT p53 status, as defined by increased mAb DO-12 binding to endogenous p53 after phosphatase treatment. Phospho-Ser269-specific monoclonal antibodies were generated and used to demonstrate that p53 phosphorylation is induced at Ser269 after irradiation with kinetics similar to those of p53 protein induction. Phosphomimetic mutation at Ser269 inactivated the transcription activation function and clonogenic suppressor activity of p53. These data suggest that the dynamic equilibrium between native and unfolded states of WT p53 can be modulated by phosphorylation of the conformationally flexible multiprotein binding site in the p53 DNA-binding domain

Citation

Fraser, J. A., Vojtesek, B., & Hupp, T. R. (2010). A Novel p53 Phosphorylation Site within the MDM2 Ubiquitination Signal: I. PHOSPHORYLATION AT SER269 IN VIVO IS LINKED TO INACTIVATION OF p53 FUNCTION. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 285, 37762-37772. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M110.143099

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2010
Deposit Date Mar 21, 2014
Print ISSN 0021-9258
Electronic ISSN 1083-351X
Publisher American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 285
Pages 37762-37772
DOI https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M110.143099
Keywords DNA-binding Protein; E3 Ubiquitin Ligase; Epitope Mapping; Phosphorylation Enzymes; Transcription; Cancer; MDM2; p53; Phosphorylation;
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/id/eprint/6639
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M110.143099




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