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Entrepreneurial drivers, barriers and enablers of computing students: gendered perspectives from an Australian and UK university

Smith, Sally; Hamilton, Margaret; Fabian, Khristin

Authors

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Prof Sally Smith S.Smith@napier.ac.uk
Head of Graduate Apprenticeships and Skills Development and Professor

Margaret Hamilton



Abstract

This paper investigates computing students’ entrepreneurial intentions, motivations, recognisable barriers and encouragements towards entrepreneurship, with a focus on gender. Two universities, one in Australia and one in the UK (n=247), were used as locations for the research to consider two distinct contexts. In each university there were similarly high levels of interest in entrepreneurship among computing students, however some significant differences in responses were found, especially between male and female participants. Job flexibility was a strong motivation for the UK-based female participants; while female participants at the Australian university identified internal barriers (such as lack of confidence and experience). Enablers to entrepreneurial activity were identified, including access to incubators and academic support. Directing such support towards computing students, while recognising gender differences, could increase interest in, and take-up of, entrepreneurship. Recommendations are made regarding how universities can best support would-be entrepreneurs and encourage inclusive entrepreneurship into the future.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 13, 2019
Online Publication Date Jul 3, 2019
Publication Date Jul 3, 2019
Deposit Date Jun 17, 2019
Publicly Available Date Jan 4, 2021
Journal Studies in Higher Education
Print ISSN 0307-5079
Electronic ISSN 1470-174X
Publisher Routledge
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2019.1637840
Keywords entrepreneurship; computing; students, gender; IT sector
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/Output/1886007
Contract Date Jun 17, 2019

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